Events occurring on Monday, July 20, 1936  
  Diplomacy  
  The former signatories to the Treaty of Lausanne together with Yugoslavia and Australia met at Montreux, Switzerland to abolish the International Straits Commission and return the Straits zone (the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmora, and Bosphorus) to Turkish military control. The new agreement allowed Turkey to remilitarize the straits, which had been prohibited under the 1923 Lausanne Convention as part of the peace treaty that finally formally ended the hostilities begun in 1914. The new Montreux Convention also modified the 1923 rules for the passage of vessels through these waters. The Montreux Convention of 1936 was ratified by Turkey, Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Greece, Germany, Yugoslavia, and Japan.  
   
     
   
  July 1936 Calendar  
   
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