Events occurring on Friday, August 2, 1940  
  Naval Action in the Mediterranean  
  Aircraft from the aircraft carrier Ark Royal (91), sailing with Force H, attacked the Italian base on Sardinia at Cagliari.  
   
  The aircraft carrier Argus (D 49) was at sea with a cargo of Hurricane fighter aircraft bound for Malta.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his cabinet had a "long discussion" in a cabinet meeting concerning "ways and means to sell directly or indirectly" 50 or 60 destroyers to the British. There was no dissent "that the survival of the British Isles under German attack might very possibly depend on their [the British] getting these destroyers." All present agreed that legislation to accomplish that goal was necessary.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy OB-191, the 8,016 ton British motor tanker Alexia was torpedoed and damaged by the U-99, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Kretschmer, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. After the Alexia was hit she fell out of the convoy where she was shelled by the same U-99 but did not sink.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy OB-191, the British motor tanker Lucerna was torpedoed and damaged by the U-99 in the northern Atlantic Ocean. She initially stopped and was later attacked by the U-99 with gunfire, but managed to escape and reached Greenock, Scotland on August 8. Of the ship’s complement, all 30 survived. The 6,556 ton Lucerna was carrying ballast and was bound for Abadan, Iran.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy OB-191, the Norwegian motor tanker Strinda was torpedoed and damaged by the U-99 in the northern Atlantic Ocean. The 10,973 ton Lucerna was carrying ballast and was bound for Abadan, Iran.  
   
  The Battle of Britain  
  RAF Statistics for the day: 207 patrols were flown involving 694 aircraft. Luftwaffe casualties: None. RAF casualties: None.  
   
  German Commerce Raiders  
  The German commerce raider Atlantis, disguised as the Dutch freighter MV Tarifa, fired upon, stopped, and sank the 6,732 ton Norwegian freighter Talleyrand in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The Talleyrand was bound for Sydney to the United Kingdom via Fremantle and was carrying a crew of 36 and a a cargo of steel, wool, wheat, and teak. The crew and passengers were taken prisoner. The Talleyrand was briefly used as a target-ship and then scuttled.  
   
  Events in the Soviet Union  
  The Moldavian SSR was created as a constituent republic of the Soviet Union. The region included the Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina territories of Romania. The Romanian government, under a Soviet ultimatum delivered on June 26, 1940, agreed to withdraw its troops and administration from the territories in order to avoid a military conflict.  
   
  Charles de Gaulle  
  A French military court tried General Charles de Gaulle in absentia for treason and sentenced him to death, deprivation of military rank, and confiscation of property. de Gaulle had previously been tried in absentia at a court martial in Toulouse on July 4, 1940 and sentenced to four years in prison.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The corvette HMS Peony (K 40) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Martyn B. Sherwood.  
     
   
  August 1940 Calendar  
   
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