Events occurring on Monday, July 8, 1940  
  Operation Catapult – Great Britain’s Attack on the French Fleet  
  Swordfish torpedo bombers from the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes attacked and damaged the French battleship Richelieu in Dakar.  
  General Charles de Gaulle criticized the British in a BBC address for their actions against the French fleet that began on July 3, 1940.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Sailing with Convoy HX-53, the British steam merchant Humber Arm was torpedoed and sunk by the U-99, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Kretschmer, 60 miles south of Fastnet, Ireland in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 43 survived and were picked up by the destroyers HMS Scimitar (H 21) and HMS Vanquisher (D 54). The 5,758 ton Humber Arm was carrying newsprint, steel, pulp, and lumber and was headed for Ellesmere Port, England.  
  Sweden in WW2  
  Sweden and Germany signed a treaty allowing transit of German war material between Norway and ports in southern Sweden.  
  July 1940 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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