Events occurring on Thursday, July 11, 1940  
  Events in Vichy France  
  Using the extraordinary powers granted him the day before Marshal Philippe Pétain assumed the functions of the Chief of State and abrogated Article 2 of the 1875 Constitution which provided for the position of a President elected by the National Assembly.  
   
  The Battle of Britain  
  There were early raids between 6 am and 9 am by single Luftwaffe aircraft carried out between Yarmouth and Flamborough Head and inland causing slight damage. Between 9 am and 11 am there was little enemy activity due to bad weather. Of four raids one was intercepted by No 601 Squadron. Another raid bombed Swansea and carried out a shipping reconnaissance of Milford Haven.  
   
  After 11 am considerable activity started with an attack on Portland and a convoy off the coast with approximately fifty Luftwaffe aircraft taking part. Five RAF squadrons intercepted.  
   
  In the afternoon several attacks on convoys off Suffolk were reported.  
   
  At 5:45 p.m. a raid of some fifty Luftwaffe aircraft attacked Portsmouth. Guided by accurate AA fire, two RAF intercepted the raid. Bombs fell on Portsmouth setting fire to the gas works and causing some casualties.  
   
  After 9 p.m. several Luftwaffe raids penetrated into the West Country and bombs were dropped in South Wales, Somerset, Bristol, Portland, Dorchester and Plymouth areas. A few raids also crossed the East coast and bombs were dropped in the Hull, Ipswich, Harrogate, Doncaster, Colchester and Harwich areas. No serious damage is reported.  
   
  RAF Statistics for the day: 119 patrols were flown involving 447 aircraft. Luftwaffe casualties: Fighters - 10 confirmed, 2 unconfirmed; Bombers - 13 confirmed, 12 unconfirmed. RAF casualties: 3 Hurricanes confirmed. 2 Spitfires confirmed.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  A straggler from Convoy HX-54, the Norwegian steam merchant Janna was torpedoed and sunk by the U-34, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Wilhelm Rollmann, south of Ireland in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 25 survived reached land by lifeboat. The 2,197 ton Janna was carrying wood pulp and was headed for Falmouth, England.  
   
  German Commerce Raiders  
  The German commerce raider Atlantis, disguised as the Dutch freighter MV Tarifa, fired upon, stopped, and sank the 7,506 ton British freighter City of Bagdad in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The City of Bagdad was bound for Penang, Malaysia from the United Kingdom carrying steel, chemicals and machinery. The City of Bagdad’s complement of 81 was taken prisoner. The City of Bagdad was sunk with explosives. Papers were found on the City of Bagdad that described the Atlantis in minute detail. These papers cause Caprain Rogge to alter the Atlantis’ profile by adding two masts.  
   
  Romania in WW2  
  Romania withdrew from the League of Nations.  
   
  South America in WW2  
  The heavy cruisers USS Wichita (CA 45), under command of Rear Admiral Andrew C. Pickens, and USS Quincy (CA 39) departed Rio Grande du Sol, Brazil, for Santos, Brazil. These ships were visiting South America "to furnish a reminder of the strength and the range of action of the armed forces of the United States.”  
   
  The United States Navy  
  William Franklin [Frank] Knox of Illinois, publisher of the Chicago Daily News, took office as Secretary of the Navy. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's choice of Knox, who had been the Republican Party's vice presidential nominee in the 1936 election, reflected the Roosevelt’s desire for bipartisan support of his policies.  
     
   
  July 1940 Calendar  
   
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