Calendar and Summary for July 1940  
    1   2   3   4   5   6
7   8   9   10   11   12   13
14   15   16   17   18   19   20
21   22   23   24   25   26   27
28   29   30   31            
  June 1940 August 1940  
  Summary of Significant Events for July 1940  
  Germany rejected an American diplomatic note regarding the Monroe Doctrine principle.  Germany asked the United States to withdraw diplomatic missions from Norway, Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxemburg.  The Romanian government renounced the Anglo-French guarantee of territorial integrity.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered the preparation of plans for the invasion of Britain, code-named Operation Sealion.  The British attacked the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria.  The British board and took over all French warships in British ports.  At Alexandria, Egypt the French agreed to demilitarize their warships.  A pro-Axis government was installed in Romania.  The Vichy French government broke off diplomatic relations with Britain in protest of the sinking or capture of the French fleet.  Sweden and Germany signed a treaty allowing transit of German war material between Norway and ports in southern Sweden.  The Battle of Calabria was fought in the Mediterranean between the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina.  The "Battle of Britain" began as the Luftwaffe started attacking convoys off the English coast.  The Vichy government in France was formed with Marshal Philippe Pétain as its leader.  Romania withdrew from the League of Nations.  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gave his "war of the unknown warriors" speech in a BBC radio broadcast.  The outnumbered British garrison at Moyale, Kenya withdrew from the town in face of attacking Italian forces.  The results of the plebiscites conducted in Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia showed a unanimous desire to join the Soviet Union.  Japanese Prime Minister Yonai resigned because of military pressure and a new government was formed under Prince Fumumaro Konoye.  The British government announced that it was closing the Burma Road and Hong Kong for the transit of war supplies to China.  In a speech to the Reichstag Hitler urged Britain to make peace with Germany.  The Battle of Cape Spada took place in the Mediterranean between the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina.  The Vinson-Walsh Act (the Two-Ocean Navy Act) was approved by the U.S. Congress.  The Soviet Union formally annexed Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.  Britain rejected Hitler’s peace offer.  The Special Operations Executive was created.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt invoked the Export Control Act that essentially placed an embargo on airplanes, parts, machine tools, and aviation gasoline to Japan.  41 ships (203,709 tons) were sunk and 2 ships (13,027 tons) were damaged by U-boats during July 1940.  
  Events occurring in July 1940 with no specific dates  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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