Events occurring on Saturday, May 11, 1940  
  Fall Gelb - The German Invasion of Western Europe  
  The Belgian Fort Eben-Emael surrendered to German infantry. About 1.000 prisoners were taken.  
   
   Seven out of eight RAF Fairey Battle light bombers failed to return from an attack on German forces in Luxembourg. RAF No. 114 Squadron's Bristol Blenheim light bombers were destroyed on the ground in a low-level German raid.  
   
  The Air War Over Europe  
  The British Air Ministry made the decision to attack purely civilian targets in Western Germany. This marked a departure from the rule that hostilities are to be limited to operations against enemy military forces alone.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The HMS Seal (37 M), which was captured off the Norwegian coast, arrived in tow by German "UJ 128" (Unterseebootsjäger 128) at the German naval base at Frederikshavn, Denmark. The HMS Seal would be repaired but had limited value for the Kriegsmarine except for training and propaganda uses.  
   
  The unescorted British steam merchant Tringa was torpedoed and sunk by the U-9, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Lüth, one and a half miles from the West Hinder buoy at the mouth of the Scheldt River off the coast of the Netherlands in the North Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 17 died and 6 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Malcolm (D 19). The 1,930 ton Tringa was carrying potash and iron ore and was bound for Glasgow, Scotland.  
   
  The unescorted Estonian steam merchant Viiu was torpedoed and sunk by the U-9 off the Westhinder Buoy at the mouth of the Scheldt River off the coast of the Netherlands. Of the ship’s complement, 15 died and 5 survivors were picked up by the minesweeping trawler HMS Arctic Hunter (FY 1614). The 1,908 ton Viiu was bound for Miami, Florida.  
   
  Events in the United States  
  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued proclamations: (1) recognizing the state of war that exists between Germany and Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; (2) proclaiming American neutrality in the conflict; and (3) restricting belligerent submarines from using American ports and territorial waters, exclusive of the Panama Canal Zone.  
   
  The Caribbean in WW2  
  British and French troops occupied Curaçao and Aruba, Netherlands West Indies. U.S. President Roosevelt announced that these actions were not contrary to the Monroe Doctrine.  
     
   
  May 1940 Calendar  
   
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