Calendar and Summary for October 1940  
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  September 1940 November 1940  
  Summary of Significant Events for October 1940  
  Former British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigned his positions as Lord President of the Council and as a member of the War Cabinet.  German troops entered Romania to block the Soviets and protect their access to Romania’s oil fields.  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was elected the head of the Conservative Party.  Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of Vichy France, made a radio broadcast in which he announced his intention of collaborating with Germany.  Germany postponed Operation Sea Lion until the spring of 1941.  Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and the Italian War Council made the final decision for an attack on Greece.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the opening of the draft over the radio.  The Burma Road was reopened to the passage of supplies to Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Chinese forces.  U-boats sank a large number of merchant ships from Convoys SC-7 and HX-79.  Italian aircraft bombed Cairo, Egypt and American-operated oil refineries in the British Protectorate of Bahrain.  Churchill appealed to the French in a radio broadcast not to hinder Britain in the war against Germany.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler met with Spanish leader Generalissimo Francisco Franco but failed to persuade him to join the Axis.  General de Charles Gaulle formed a free government for France.  Italian forces invaded Greece.  61 ships (345,482 tons) were sunk and 12 ships (64,311 tons) were damaged by U-boats during October 1940.  
  Events occurring in October 1940 with no specific dates  
  The German Nuclear Research Program  
  A new fission-research laboratory was completed at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute. German theoretical physicist Dr. Werner Heisenberg would begin commuting between reactor experiments in Berlin and Leipzig.
  Learn more about the German Nuclear Research Program  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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