Events occurring on Monday, September 2, 1940  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Ambassador Lord Lothian exchanged notes concluding the agreement to trade destroyers for bases. The U.S. would provide, by executive agreement, 50 over-age (World War I Emergency Program) destroyers in return for 99-year leases on bases in the Bahamas, Antigua, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Jamaica, and British Guiana. The British provided bases at Newfoundland and Bermuda as outright gifts.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy OB-206, the British steam merchant Thornlea was torpedoed and sunk by the U-46, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Engelbert Endrass, about 200 miles west of Ireland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 3 died and 33 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMCS Skeena (D 59). The 4,261 ton Thornlea was carrying of coal and was headed for Montreal, Canada.  
   
  The unescorted Belgian steam passenger ship Ville de Mons was torpedoed and sunk by the U-47, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Günther Prien, northeast of Rockall in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 54 survived. The 7,463 ton Ville de Mons was carrying general cargo, pears, corn, and wheat and was headed for Glasgow, Scotland.  
     
   
  September 1940 Calendar  
   
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