Events occurring on Saturday, March 1, 1941  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Sailing with Convoy HX-109, the British steam tanker Cadillac was torpedoed and sunk by the U-552, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Erich Topp, northeast of Rockall in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 37 died and 5 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Malcolm (D 19). The 12,062 ton Cadillac was carrying aviation fuel and was bound for Avonmouth, England.  
   
  Support Force Atlantic Fleet, under command of Rear Admiral Arthur L. Bristol, composed of destroyers, patrol plane squadrons, and supporting auxiliaries was established for protection of convoys in North Atlantic.  
   
  Bulgaria in WW2  
  Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria signed the Tripartite Pact, officially entering the Axis with Germany, Japan, and Italy.  
   
  The Holocaust  
  Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler inspected the Auschwitz concentration camp. Because nearby factories used prisoners for forced labor, Himmler was concerned about the prisoner capacity of the camp. On this visit, he ordered the commandant, SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss, to both the expand the Auschwitz I camp facilities to hold 30,000 prisoners and to build a camp near Birkenau for an expected influx of 100,000 Soviet prisoners of war. Himmler also ordered that the camp supply 10,000 prisoners for forced labor to construct an I.G. Farben factory complex at Dwory, about a mile away.  
   
  The US 133rd Infantry Division  
  The U.S. 133rd Infantry Regiment arrived at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana for intensive training.  
   
  On the Home Front  
  “Captain America” appeared for the first time in a comic book.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The destroyer USS Meredith (DD 434) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander William K. Mendenhall, Jr.  
   
  The corvette HMS Anchusa (K 186) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Philipp Everett-Price.  
   
  The submarine USS Grayling (xx) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Eliot Olsen.  
     
   
  March 1941 Calendar  
   
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The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

 
   
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