Events occurring on Monday, March 31, 1941  
  Military Conflict in North Africa  
  The Afrika Korps continued its offensive in Libya.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The Swedish motor tanker Castor was torpedoed and sunk by the U-46, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Engelbert Endrass, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 15 died and 27 survived. The 8,714 ton Castor was carrying oil and was bound for Gothenburg, Sweden.  
  Iraq in WW2  
  Crown Prince and Regent of Iraq Abd al-Ilah learned of a plot to assassinate him and fled the country to Jordon. The next day four Iraqi nationalist army colonels, known as "the Golden Square" staged a military coup in Iraq that overthrew the regime of Regent 'Abd al-Ilah and installed the pro-Axis Rashid Ali as Prime Minister.  
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The submarine USS Mackerel (SS 204) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. John F. Davidson.  
  The submarine U-331 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Freiherr von Tiesenhausen.  
  March 1941 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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