Events occurring on Monday, October 20, 1941  
  Operation Typhoon – The German Assault on Moscow  
  The Germans captured Borodino, 60 miles from Moscow.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Sailing with a small convoy of two tankers and one escort, the British steam tanker British Mariner was torpedoed and damaged beyond repair by the U-126, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ernst Bauer, approximately 80 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 3 died and 48 survivors were picked up by a British tug. The 6,996 ton British Mariner was carrying ballast and was bound for Curaçao.  
  U.S. Navy PBY Catalinas provided air coverage for convoy Convoy ON-26.  
  Partisan Activities  
  Lt. Colonel Fritz Hotz, the German commander in Nantes, was killed by the French resistance. 50 hostages were shot in reprisal.  
  Events in the Western United States  
  War games and exercises were held at the Presidio in San Francisco, California.  
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The submarine U-508 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Georg Staats.  
  The Soviet submarine S-56 was commissioned.  
  October 1941 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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