|Calendar and Summary for September 1941|
|August 1941||October 1941|
|Summary of Significant Events for September 1941|
|The U.S. Navy assumed the responsibility of transatlantic convoys from Newfoundland to Iceland. All German Jews were ordered to wear the yellow Star of David. Zyklon B was first used at Auschwitz. The destroyer USS Greer and the U-652 exchanged fire at one another. In a conference with his military and civilian leaders, Emperor Hirohito agreed to prepare for war if no agreement was reached with the U.S. Leningrad was completely surrounded by the Germans. Iran accepted the British-Soviet armistice terms. German authorities in Norway declared martial law to prevent a general strike. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced a shoot on sight order for the U.S. Navy in American defense waters. The first snowfall of the year was reported on the Eastern Front. Riza Shah Pahlevi of Iran was arrested and forced to abdicate by the Allies. U.S. Navy ships escorted an east bound British transatlantic convoy for the first time. Kiev was captured by the Germans. Italian midget subs sank ships at Gibraltar. German armies completed the isolation of Soviet forces in the Crimea. The first Liberty ships were launched. An Allied planning conference began in Moscow. German authorities declared a state of emergency in Bohemia-Moravia. 34,000 Jews were massacred by German SS troops at Babi Yar Bulka on the outskirts of Kiev. Operation Typhoon, the attack on Moscow, began. 56 ships (209,835 tons) were sunk and 4 ships (14,132 tons) were damaged by U-boats during September 1941.|
|Events occurring in September 1941 with no specific dates|
|The German Nuclear Research Program|
the week of September 15-21 German theoretical physicist Dr. Werner
Heisenberg met with Danish physicist Dr. Niels Bohr in Nazi-occupied
Copenhagen and brought up nuclear fission research.
Heisenberg later described the meeting as an attempt to seek advice
while Bohr saw it as a hostile approach. Heisenberg and German physicist
Baron Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker were in Copenhagen to lecture at a
Nazi propaganda institute.
Learn more about the German Nuclear Research Program …
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