Events occurring on Tuesday, April 7, 1942  
  The Japanese 1941-42 Philippines Campaign  
  The Japanese offensive on Bataan peninsula continued with the U.S. I and II Corps in full retreat.  
   
  The Siege of Malta  
  Valletta, the capitol city of Malta, suffered significant destruction: the Auberge de France which stretched from Old Bakery Street to Old Mint Street was wiped out, the Royal Opera House, the market, Auberge de Castille, the Times of Malta building and several others were severely damaged.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The British motor tanker British Splendour was torpedoed and sunk by the U-552, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Erich Topp, east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 21 died and 41 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS St. Zeno (FY 280). The 7,138 ton British Splendour was carrying benzine and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The British motor tanker Norwegian whale factory ship Lancing was torpedoed and sunk by the U-552 east of Cape Hatteras. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 49 survivors were picked up by the American tanker Pan Rhode Island. The 7,866 ton Lancing was carrying fuel oil and was headed for the New York, New York.  
   
  The destroyer USS Wilkes (DD 441) was damaged when accidentally rammed by the British tanker Davila at Boston, Massachusetts.  
   
  Naval Action in the Mediterranean  
  The British hospital ship HMHS Somersetshire was torpedoed and damaged by the U-453, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Egon Reiner von Schlippenbach, off the coast of Egypt in the Mediterranean Sea. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 7 died and 108 survived.  
   
  The Nisei - Japanese Americans in WW2  
  War Relocation Authority Director Milton Eisenhower chaired a meeting at Salt Lake City and asked the governors and representatives of Nevada, Idaho, Oregon, Utah, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Washington, and Arizona and introduced a plan to use the Japanese-American prisoners as a segregated labor force outside of the relocation centers to work on public works projects, agricultural production, and manufacturing. With the exception of Governor Ralph Carr of Colorado, the plan was categorically rejected as the Western governors felt that if the Japanese-Americans population represented a danger to the West coast, they also would be a danger to the other states as well. After this decision, permanent detention camps became the only solution to house Japanese-Americans until such time as new locations outside the military zones could be arranged.  
   
  Inside the Third Reich  
  Karl Friedrich Stellbrink, a protestant theologian and critic of the Nazis for their anti-Church views, was arrested along with three Catholic priests for criticizing Nazi rule. He would be executed on November 10, 1943.  
   
  The Holocaust  
  The Nazis brought in 2,500 Jews from the Polish town of Zamosc, killing 2,499. The sole survivor, 14-years-old Moshe Shklarek, was put on the Corpse Commando squad.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The Australian minesweeper HMAS Kalgoorlie (J 192) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Harold A. Litchfield.  
     
   
  April 1942 Calendar  
   
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