Events occurring on Monday, August 3, 1942  
  Case Blau - The 1942 German Summer Offensive Against the Soviet Union  
  Stavropol was captured by advancing German forces.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The U-335, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Hermann Pelkner, was sunk by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) in the North Sea northeast of the Faeroes. Of the ship’s complement, 43 died and 1 survived. During its career the U-335 sank or damaged no ships.  
   
  The unescorted British motor tanker Tricula was torpedoed and sunk by the U-108, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Klaus Scholtz, approximately 250 miles northeast of Trinidad in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 47 died and 11 survivors were picked up by the Argentinean steam merchant Rio San Juan. The 6,221 ton Tricula was carrying crude oil and was headed for Capetown, South Africa.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ON-115, the British Motor merchant Lochkatrine was torpedoed and sunk by the U-552, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Erich Topp, east of Cape Race, Newfoundland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 9 died and 81 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMCS Hamilton and the corvette HMCS Agassiz (K 129). The 9,419 ton Lochkatrine was carrying ballast and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ON-115, the British Motor tanker G.S. Walden was torpedoed and damaged by the U-552 east of Cape Race. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died. The 10,627 ton G.S. Walden managed to reach port and was repaired.  
   
  The 229 ton British steam trawler Bombay was torpedoed and sunk by the U-605, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Herbert-Viktor Schütze, in the Icelandic fishing grounds of the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 13 died.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Gudgeon, commanded by Lt. Commander William S. Stovall, Jr., torpedoed and sank the 4,853 ton Japanese transport ship Naniwa Maru off Truk.  
   
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The light minelayers USS Gamble, USS Breese and USS Tracy laid a minefield off the western entrance of Segond Channel, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.  
   
  Women in the Armed Forces  
  Mildred McAfee, President of Wellesley College, was sworn in as Lt. Commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve and became the head of the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES.) McAfee was the first female officer in the United States Navy.  
     
   
  August 1942 Calendar  
   
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