Events occurring on Wednesday, December 30, 1942  
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The Japanese coastal minesweeper M-2 was sunk by a mine, Surabaya Harbor. Java.  
  USAAF B-17 Flying Fortresses from the 5th Air Force bombed Japanese shipping in Simpson Harbor, Rabaul, New Britain and sank the merchant cargo ship Tomiura Maru.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The Battle of the Barents Sea began as the German heavy cruisers SMS Admiral Hipper and SMS Lutzow, escorted by 6 destroyers, left their anchorage to intercept the Arctic convoy JW-51B, a 14-ship convoy escorted by seven destroyers and five other warships, bound for Kola, Soviet Union.  
  A straggler from Convoy ONS-154, the British special service vessel HMS Fidelity (D 57) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-435, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Strelow, north of the Azores in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 369 died and 10 survivors were picked up by the Canadian corvette HMCS Woodstock (K 238) and the Canadian destroyer HMCS St Laurent (H 83). The 2,456 ton HMS Fidelity was carrying commandos and two landing craft and was bound for Colombo, India.  
  The unescorted Polish motor merchant Paderewski was torpedoed and sunk by the U-214, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Günther Reeder, approximately 40 miles off Trinidad in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 3 died and 38 survivors were picked up by the fishing boat and two American patrol boats. The 4,426 ton Paderewski was carrying general cargo and was bound for Port of Spain, Trinidad.  
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Greenling (SS 213), commanded by Lt. Commander Henry C. Bruton, torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ship Hiteru Maru during an attack on a Japanese convoy approximately 180 nautical miles northeast of Manus, Admiralty Islands.  
  The submarine USS Thresher (SS 200), commanded by Lt. Commander William J. Millican, damages the 2,733 ton Japanese merchant Hachian Maru with gunfire approximately 120 nautical miles west of Mata Siri Island, off the southeastern tip of Borneo. The Japanese ship was finished off with one torpedo.  
  The submarine USS Searaven (SS 196), commanded by Lt. Commander Hiram Cassedy, landed agents on south coast of Ceram Island, Netherlands East Indies.  
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The escort destroyer HMS Haldon (L 19) was commissioned.  
  The submarine HMS Simoon (P 225) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Christopher H. Rankin.  
  December 1942 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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