Events occurring on Sunday, February 8, 1942  
  The Fall of Singapore  
  The Battle of Sarimbun Beach began when at 8:30 p.m. when machine gunners of the Australian 22nd Brigade at Sarimbun, in the west of Singapore Island, opened fire on vessels carrying a first wave of 4,000 troops from the 5th and 18th Divisions that were crossing the Jahore Strait. This was the first stage of Lt. General Yamashita Tomoyuki’s assault on Singapore. There was fierce fighting but eventually the increasing Japanese numbers, superiority in artillery, planes, and military intelligence began to take their toll. The Japanese exploited gaps in the thinly-spread Allied lines such as rivers and creeks. By midnight, the two Australian brigades had lost communications with each other and the 22nd Brigade was forced to retreat.  
  The Japanese 1941-42 Philippines Campaign  
  Manuel Quezon was sworn in for his second term as President of the Philippine Commonwealth. Quezon also sent a proposal to Washington D.C. that the Philippines should become entirely independent of both the Japanese and the U.S. so that the country could declare its neutrality in the war. The U.S. Government rejected this proposal.  
  The Japanese infiltration force at Quinauan Point, Bataan, was mopped up, supported by the armed motor launches from submarine tender USS Canopus (AS 9), under command of Lt. Commander H.H. Goodall. Japanese planes attacked the boats, bombing and strafing them, killing three and wounding 15, including Goodall.  
  The Japanese 1941-42 Southwest Pacific Campaign  
  Japanese troops landed at Gasmata, New Britain.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Ocean Venture was sunk by gunfire by the U-108, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Klaus Scholtz, near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 31 died and 14 survivors were picked up by the destroyer USS Roe (DD 418). The 7,174 ton Ocean Venture was carrying foodstuffs and four aircraft as deck cargo and was bound for the United Kingdom.  
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS S-37 (SS 142), commanded by Lt. J.C. Dempsey, torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer IJN Natsushio about 22 miles south of Makassar, Celebes. The S-37 survived resultant depth-charging.  
  The submarine HMS Trusty (N 45), commanded by Lt. Commander William D. A. King, shelled the Japanese merchant coaster Se Go off Poulo Condore, French Indochina.  
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  The submarine IJN I-69, which had been reconnoitering the atoll since January 21, shelled Midway Island.  
  Inside the Third Reich  
  Fritz Todt was flying away from the conclusion of a meeting with Hitler at the Wolfsschanze ("Wolf's Lair") at Rastenburg when his aircraft exploded and crashed. Todt died in the incident. Todt was a Hitler confidant and an Oberführer (a rank equivalent to brigadier general) in the Sturmabteilung (S.A.). As Hitler's inspector of German roads (1933) he was responsible for the construction of the Reichsautobahnen. The Todt Organization was also responsible for the construction of the Siegfried Line (1937). Todt was the Nazi minister for armaments (1940) and for fuel and power (1941).  
  February 1942 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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