Events occurring on Thursday, January 22, 1942  
  The Japanese 1941-42 Philippines Campaign  
  A Japanese force of approximately 1,200 landed on the west coast of Bataan. A miscalculation caused the force top separate with 300 landing on the southern tip of the peninsula and 900 landing on a headland called Quinauan Point, eight miles from the smaller group. This began the engagement known as the Battle of the Points.  
   
  The Japanese 1941-42 Southwest Pacific Campaign  
  The Japanese landed on Mussau Island, north of New Ireland.  
   
  Allied forces evacuated Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  A straggler from convoy ON-54 due to heavy seas, the Belgian steam merchant Gandia was torpedoed and sunk by the U-135, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Friedrich-Hermann Praetorius, about 420 miles east of Cape Race, Newfoundland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 65 died and 14 survivors were picked up by the USS Bernadou and the Portuguese motor trawler João Corte Real. The 9,626 ton Gandia was carrying ballast and was headed for St. John, New Brunswick.  
   
  A straggler from convoy ON-53, the Greek steam merchant Vassilios A. Polemis was torpedoed and sunk by the U-333, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Peter-Erich Cremer, east of Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 21 died and there were 12 survivors. The 3,429 ton Vassilios A. Polemis was carrying ballast and was headed for St. John, New Brunswick.  
   
  The unescorted Norwegian motor tanker Innerøy was torpedoed and sunk by the U-553, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Karl Thurmann, southeast of Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 36 died and 5 survivors were picked up by the Empire Amethyst. The 8,260 ton Innerøy was carrying petrol and was headed for England.  
   
  After the convoy SC-63 was dispersed, the British steam merchant Caledonian Monarch was reported missing and its complement of 41 were lost. The 5,851 ton Caledonian Monarch was carrying carrying wheat and was headed for London, England.  
   
  After being dispersed from convoy ON-56, the British motor tanker Athelcrown was torpedoed and sunk by the U-82, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Rollmann, southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and 45 survivors were picked up by a British warship and the Swedish motor tanker Saturnus. The 11,999 ton Athelcrown was carrying ballast and was headed for Aruba, Lesser Antilles.  
   
  The unescorted Panamanian steam tanker Olympic was torpedoed and sunk by the U-66, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Richard Zapp, off the coast of North Carolina in the western Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 35 died. The 5,335 ton Olympic was bound for Baltimore, Maryland.  
   
  Despite being escorted by a minesweeper, the Norwegian steam merchant William Hansen was torpedoed and sunk by the U-754, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans Oestermann, off St. Johns, Newfoundland in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 14 died and 5 survivors were picked up by the Canadian corvette HMCS Algoma (K 127). The 1,344 ton William Hansen was carrying ballast and was bound for St. Johns.  
   
  The Pacific Theater  
  Task Force 11, under command of Vice Admiral Wilson Brown Jr. and formed around the aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV 2), departed Oahu, Territory of Hawaii to raid Wake Island.  
   
  The destroyers USS Gridley (DD 380) and USS Fanning (DD 385) were damaged in a collision 150 miles northwest of American Samoa as Task Force 8, formed around the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CV 6), under command of Vice Admiral William F. Halsey Jr., proceeded toward the Marshall Islands and Gilbert Islands.  
   
  The survey vessel USS Sumner (AG 32) arrived at Bora Bora, Society Islands, and commenced survey work there.  
   
  The Doolittle Air Raid on Japan  
  Lt. Colonel James H. “Jimmy” Doolittle began the process of modifying the B-25 Mitchells to be used in the planned bombing raid on Japan. Modifications included adding extra fuel tanks, designing new bomb release mechanisms, and adding armament to the planes. Learn more about the Doolittle Raid …  
   
  Diplomacy  
  The Third Inter-American Conference continued at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Representatives from 21 American republics met to unite the American republics in coordinate policies in defense of the Western Hemisphere. The delegates would unanimously adopt a resolution which called for all of the American states to sever diplomatic relations with the Axis powers. All of the governments involved at the conference, with the exceptions of Argentina and Chile, broke off relations with the Axis.  
   
  In Other News  
  Reimond Tollenaere died as a result of friendly fire of the Spanish Blue Division on the Leningrad front, in the region of Veliki Novgorod. Tollenaere was an SS-Untersturmführer and member of the Vlaams Nationaal Verbond (V.N.V.), a right-wing Flemish nationalist party.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The destroyer USS Hobson (DD 464) was commissioned. Her first commander was Commander Robert N. McFarlane.  
   
  The corvette HMCS Regina (K 234) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Ronald F. Harris.  
   
  The U-606 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Hans Klatt.  
     
   
  January 1942 Calendar  
   
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