Calendar and Summary for January 1942  
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  December 1941 February 1942  
  Summary of Significant Events for January 1942  
  The Declaration by the United Nations was signed by the representatives of 26 countries in Washington, D.C.  Japanese troops occupied Manila and the Cavite naval base in the Philippines. American and Filipino troops continued their retreat into Bataan.  The creation of a unified command in the Southwest Pacific was announced.  General Chiang Kai-shek was placed in supreme command of the Chinese theater.  U.S. and Filipino forces completed their withdrawal to a new defense line on the Bataan Peninsula.  Axis forces under command of German Lt. General Irwin Rommel’s were forced back to El Agheila.  In his State of the Union speech, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the new production military schedules.  The siege of Bataan began as U.S. and Philippine forces completed their withdrawal from the Layac Junction.  Roosevelt established the Office of Production Management.  Japan invaded North-Celebes in the Netherlands East Indies.  Japan declared war on the Netherlands and began the invasion of the Netherlands East Indies.  Operation Paukenschlag ("roll of the kettledrums") began with U-boats taking up station on the eastern seaboard of the United States.  The National War Labor Board was reestablished by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.  The St. James Declaration was made in London and called for punishment of those found responsible for criminal acts perpetrated by the Germans against civilian populations.  British police arrested Burma’s Premier U Saw and his secretary U Tin Tut in Egypt after they were detected meeting with Japanese officials in Lisbon.  90 carrier-based Japanese aircraft attacked Rabaul on New Britain.  The Wannsee Conference relating to the handling “the Final Solution” was held by senior officials of the Nazi German government.  Rabaul was occupied after 20,000 Japanese marines of the South Seas Force landed on New Britain.  The California Congressional delegation met in Washington to urge the evacuation of enemy aliens from the West Coast.  The last organized Allied forces left Malaya, and Allied engineers blew a 70-foot wide hole in the causeway that linked Johore and Singapore.  15 ships (99,050 tons) were sunk by U-boats and mines during January 1941.  
  Events occurring in January 1942 with no specific dates  
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  RAF reinforcements arrived in the Far East having been diverted from the Middle East to supplement the defensive air forces. 51 Hurricanes arrived in Singapore, 48 Hurricanes in Sumatra, and 30 Hurricanes and Blenheims arrived in Burma.  
  The German Nuclear Research Program  
  German theoretical physicist Dr. Werner Heisenberg and collaborators reported to the German Army Weapons Bureau on reactor experiment B-III. Still without heavy water, the reactor used paraffin and uranium powder and produced no neutron multiplication.
  Learn more about the German Nuclear Research Program  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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