Events occurring on Sunday, July 12, 1942  
  Case Blau - The 1942 German Summer Offensive Against the Soviet Union  
  Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin began moving massive numbers of troops into the Stalingrad area. The newly formed Stalingrad Front is placed under command of  under Marshal Semyon Timoshenko.  
   
  In the Army Group North sector German forces succeed in eliminating the Lt. General Andrey Vlasov's 2nd Shock Army in the Volkhov area, taking 30,000 prisoners. Vlasov would later turn on his former comrades and support the Nazis by leading the anti-Bolshevik Russian Liberation Army.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Dispersed from Convoy OS-33, the British steam merchant Shaftesbury was torpedoed and sunk by the U-116, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Werner von Schmidt, approximately 430 miles from Las Palmas, Canary Islands in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 45 survived and were picked up by the British motor merchant Tuscan Star. The 4,284 ton Shaftesbury was carrying coal and was headed for Buenos Aires, Argentina.  
   
  The unescorted American steam merchant Tachirá was torpedoed and sunk by the U-129, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Ludwig Witt, approximately 375 miles west of Jamaica in the Caribbean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and 33 survivors reached land by lifeboat. The 2,32 ton Tachirá was carrying cacao, dividivi, and coffee and was headed for New Orleans, Louisiana.  
   
  Dispersed from Convoy OS-33, the British steam merchant Cortona was torpedoed and sunk by the U-201, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adalbert Schnee, south of the Azores in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 31 died and 23 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G 10). The 7,093 ton Cortona was carrying general cargo and was headed for Buenos Aires, Argentina.  
   
  Dispersed from Convoy OS-33, the British steam merchant Siris was torpedoed and sunk by the U-201 south of the Azores. Of the ship’s complement, 3 died and 52 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Jonquil (K 68). The 5,242 ton Siris was carrying general cargo and was headed for Buenos Aires, Argentina.  
   
  Dispersed from Convoy OS-33, the British steam merchant Port Hunter was torpedoed and sunk by the U-582, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Schulte, west of the Madeira Islands in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 88 died and 3 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Rother (K 224). The 8,826 ton Port Hunter was carrying ammunition and depth charges and was headed for Auckland, New Zealand.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Seadragon (SS 194), commanded by Lt. Commander William E. Ferrall, torpedoed and sank the 6,171 ton J Japanese transport ship Himaya Maru off Cam Ranh Bay, French Indochina.  
   
  Weapons Advancement  
  A U.S. Navy salvage party, transported to Akutan Island, Aleutians in district patrol vessel YP-151, began salvage operations of the Mitsubishi A6M2 type 0 "Zero" carrier fighter discovered on July 10. Their initial efforts revealed more work would be required. This Zero eventually made its way to Naval Air Station, San Diego, Calif., where it was restored to flying condition. By late September 1942, it was involved in a series of flight tests and comparisons against the latest U.S. fighters. Instead of using matchsticks or surrogates, an actual Zero was then available to develop tactics for each allied aircraft.  
     
   
  July 1942 Calendar  
   
  Previous Day Following Day  
   
     
   
 

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

 
   
  Copyright 2011
WW2timelines.com
Contact us using our email page