Calendar and Summary for July 1942  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
            1   2   3   4
5   6   7   8   9   10   11
12   13   14   15   16   17   18
19   20   21   22   23   24   25
26   27   28   29   30   31    
 
   
  June 1942 August 1942  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for July 1942  
   
  The First Battle of El Alamein began.  The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff issued directives specifying that Rabaul would be taken in three stages.  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill survived a Motion of Censure by the House of Commons.  The British Government announced a reorganization of the Government of India.  Sevastopol fell to Germans after a 25 day siege.  The China Air Task Force of the U.S. Army Tenth Air Force was formed to replace the American Volunteer Group, the "Flying Tigers."  The ill fated Convoy PQ-17 bound for Murmansk was attacked by the Germans losing 24 of its 35 merchant ships.  After days of deceptive movements of his forces, General Claude Auchinleck went on the offensive at El Alamein.  Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin began moving massive numbers of troops into the Stalingrad area.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved the creation of the Office of Strategic Services with Colonel William Donovan as its head.  The mass deportations of Dutch Jews to Auschwitz began.  Churchill suspended the convoys to Murmansk following the Convoy PQ-17 disaster.  The Japanese 18th Army landed at Buna on the northern coast of New Guinea.  Gasoline rationing using coupons began on the East Coast of the United States.  German forces captured Rostov and Novocherkassk on the Don River.  The First Battle of El Alamein ended. The British had stopped the Afrika Korps advance into Egypt.  Order No. 227 was issued by Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin acting as People's Commissar of Defense. The order is famous for its line "Not a step back!"  Japanese forces captured Kokoda halfway along the Owen Stanley pass to Port Moresby from the Australians.  97 ships (458,351 tons) were sunk and 11 ships (90,138 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during July 1942.  
   
  Events occurring in July 1942 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  American biophysicist Dr. Kenneth Cole of Columbia University established the health division at the Metallurgical Laboratory.  
     
     
   
     
   
 

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