Events occurring on Tuesday, June 2, 1942  
  The Lend Lease Program  
  U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Chinese Foreign Minister Soong Tse-ven signed a Mutual Aid Agreement with China.  The State Department stated "The provisions of the agreement with China are the same in all substantial respects as those of the agreement between the Governments of the United States and Great Britain." This agreement was in effect a Lend-Lease arrangement for China.  
  The 1942 German Offensive Against the Soviet Union  
  The German 11th Army opened up a massive artillery bombardment on the fortress city of Sevastopol in the Crimea. 620 guns, nearly half between 190mm and 420mm, including a battery of 615mm mortars and the mammoth 800mm “Dora” gun (which was carried on a double rail line), pounded the Soviet positions. The attack was supported by the 7th Air Corps. The bombardment would last for five days.  
  The Battle of Midway  
  U.S. Navy Task Force 17, under command of Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, and U.S. Navy Task Force 16, under command of Rear Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, rendezvoused approximately 350 miles northeast of Midway Island. Rear Admiral Fletcher was officer in tactical command of a force that consisted of three aircraft carriers, seven heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, 16 destroyers, and two oilers. After fueling, the task force would detach the oilers and prepare for battle. As part of the pre-battle disposition, 25 fleet submarines, under command of Rear Admiral Robert H. English, were deployed around Midway Island.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted American steam merchant Knoxville City was torpedoed and sunk by the U-158, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Erwin Rostin, about 50 miles southeast of Cape Corrientes, Cuba in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 53 survivors were picked up by the Cuban gunboat Donativo. The 5,686 ton Knoxville City was carrying general cargo and was headed for Suez, Egypt.  
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam merchant Illinois was torpedoed and sunk by the U-159, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Helmut Witte, about 400 miles northwest of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 32 died and 6 survivors were picked up by the American steam tanker Esso Montpelier. The 5,447 ton Illinois was carrying manganese ore and was headed for Baltimore, Maryland.  
  The British motor merchant Mattawin was torpedoed and sunk by the U-553, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Karl Thurmann, southeast of New York in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 71 survived and were picked up by the the Norwegian steam merchant Torvanger and the patrol vessel USCGC General Greene (WPC 140). The 6,919 ton Mattawin was carrying military stores and was headed for Alexandria, Egypt.  
  The unescorted Dutch steam merchant Triton was sunk by gunfire by the U-558, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Günther Krech, about 470 miles southeast of Bermuda in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 30 survivors were picked up by the American steam merchant Mormack Port. The 2,078 ton Triton was carrying bauxite and timber and was headed for New York, New York.  
  After being missed by the U-213 the unescorted Norwegian motor merchant Berganger was torpedoed and sunk by the U-578, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Ernst-August Rehwinkel, southeast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 43 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian motor merchant Bañaderos, the destroyer USS Madison (DD 425) and the American fishing vessel Mary J. Landry. The 6,826 ton Berganger was carrying general cargo, including coffee, linters, sunflower seed oil, and hides and was headed for New York, New York.  
  The U.S. freighter Domino was machine-gunned by an unidentified submarine off Nuevitas, Cuba. The ship suffered no casualties.  
  Naval Action in the Mediterranean  
  The U-652, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Georg-Werner Fraatz, was badly damaged by depth charges from a British Swordfish aircraft off the coast of Egypt in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The U-652 would be scuttled on June, 2 by torpedoes from U-81. Of the ship’s complement, all 46 survived. During its career the U-652 sank 2 warships, 1 auxiliary warship, and 2 merchant ships for a total of 8,152 tons. The U-652 also damaged 1 auxiliary warship and damaged  2 merchant ships for a total of 10,917 tons.  
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  The Japanese merchant cargo ship Kofuku Maru was sunk by a mine off Rangoon, Burma.  
  Events in the United States  
  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked the U.S. Congress to declare war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Rumania.  
  Events in the Western United States  
  The Western Defense Command warned the public to be on the lookout for Japanese wearing U.S. Army uniforms. The Command said, "All Japanese who are members of the Army of the United States have been removed from the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army, except three on the post at Fort Ord who are on a special assignment." A nine-minute air raid alert was conducted in San Francisco and all radio stations from Mexico to Canada were ordered off the air at 9:22 p.m.  
  The Nisei - Japanese Americans in WW2  
  Lt. General John L. DeWitt issued Public Proclamation No. 6 forbidding further voluntary migration of people of Japanese descent from the eastern half of California and simultaneously announced that all such people would eventually be removed from this area directly to War Relocation Authority centers.  
  June 1942 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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