Events occurring on Saturday, March 7, 1942  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam merchant Barbara was torpedoed and sunk by the U-126, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ernst Bauer, approximately nine miles north-northeast of Tortuga Island, Dominican Republic in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 26 died and 59 survivors were picked up by a PBY Catalina flying boat. The 4,637 ton Barbara was carrying general cargo and was headed for San Juan, Puerto Rico.  
   
  The steam merchant Cardonia was torpedoed and sunk by the U-126 approximately five miles west-northwest of the St. Nicholas Mole, Haiti in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 37 survivors were picked up by the USS Mulberry (AN 27) or made landfall in a lifeboat. The 5,104 ton Cardonia was carrying general cargo and was headed for Guayabal, Cuba.  
   
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam merchant Steel Age was torpedoed and sunk by the U-129, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Asmus Nicolai Clausen, 130 miles northeast of Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 33 died and 1 survivor was picked up by the U-129 and spent the war in a POW camp in Bremen, Germany. The 6,188 ton Steel Age was carrying manganese ore and was headed for New Orleans, Louisiana.  
   
  The Brazilian steam merchant Arabutan was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adolf Cornelius Piening, about 81 miles off Cape Hatteras in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 54 survivors were picked up by the Coast Guard cutter USS Calypso (WPC 104). The 7,874 ton Arabutan was carrying coal and coke and was headed for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  
   
  The unescorted South African whale factory ship Uniwaleco was torpedoed and sunk by the U-161, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Albrecht Achilles, about 45 miles west of St. Vincent Passage in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 18 died and 33 survived. The 9,755 ton Uniwaleco was carrying fuel oil and was headed for Freetown, Sierra Leone.  
   
  The 349 ton Faroese steam trawler Nyggjaberg was torpedoed and sunk by the U-701, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Horst Degen, in the fishing grounds off Iceland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 21 died.  
   
  The U.S. freighter Independence Hall, straggling from Convoy SC-73, was riding out a North Atlantic Winter gale when a mountainous wave crashed amidships and broke her in two and sank off Sable Island, Nova Scotia in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Ten of the 38-man merchant crew died. There are no casualties among the 9-man Armed Guard. The Independence Hall was carrying thirteen tanks and other war cargo and was bound for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Grenadier (SS 210), commanded by Lt. Commander Allen R. Joyce, torpedoed and damaged the 4,551 ton Japanese transport ship Asahisan Maru south of Shioyasaki, Japan.  
   
  African-Americans in WW2  
  The first class of five pilots African-American aviation cadets graduated and earned their wings and were inducted the into the United States Army Air Corps at Tuskegee Army Air Field in Alabama.  
   
  The Nisei - Japanese Americans in WW2  
  Lt. General John L. DeWitt reported that the Army had acquired 5,800 acres of land near Manzanar, California, for construction of a "reception center" which he said was "to be used principally as a clearing house for the more permanent resettlement elsewhere for persons excluded from military areas." Initially, the area was a temporary “reception center”, known as the Owens Valley Reception Center, but became the "Manzanar War Relocation Center in June 1942. The camp wouldn’t close until November 21, 1945. The site is now a National Historic Landmark and National Historic Site.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The submarine U-179 was commissioned. Her first commander was Korvettenkapitän Ernst Sobe.  
   
  The submarine U-211 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Karl Hause.  
     
   
  March 1942 Calendar  
   
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