Events occurring on Tuesday, March 10, 1942  
  The Japanese 1942 New Guinea Campaign  
  The Japanese occupied Finschhafen, a port in New Guinea northeast of Lae. They commandeered the Lutheran Mission buildings for use as their headquarters.  
   
  U.S. Navy Task Force 11, under command of Vice Admiral Wilson Brown Jr., which included ships from of U.S. Navy Task Force, under command of Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, on the heels of initial nuisance raids by RAAF Hudsons, attacked the Japanese invasion fleet, under command of Rear Admiral Kajioka Sadamichi, off Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. SBD Dauntlesses (VB 2, VS 2, VB 5, VS 5) and TBD Devastators (VT 2, VT 5), supported by F4F Wildcats (VF 3 and VF 42) the aircraft from carriers USS Lexington (CV-2) and USS Yorktown (CV-5) sank the armed merchant cruiser Kongo Maru, auxiliary minelayer Ten'yo Maru, and transport Yokohama Maru. The aircraft also damaged the light cruiser IJN Yubari, destroyers IJN Yunagi, IJN Asanagi, IJN Oite, IJN Asakaze, and IJN Yakaze; minelayer IJN Tsugaru, the seaplane carrier IJN Kiyokawa Maru, the transport Kokai Maru, and the minesweeper No.2 Tama Maru. One SBD (VS 2) was lost to antiaircraft fire. USAAF B-17s and RAAF Hudsons conducted follow up strikes but inflicted no appreciable additional damage. In a message to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt hailed the raid as "the best day's work we've had." The success of the U.S. aircraft carrier strike (the first time in which two carrier air groups attacked a common objective) convinced Japanese war planners that continued operations in the New Guinea area would require aircraft carrier support, thus setting the stage for the Battle of the Coral Sea.  
   
  The Japanese 1941-42 Philippines Campaign  
  The Japanese collier Kosei Maru was sunk by a mine in the Lingayen Gulf, Philippine Islands.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam tanker Gulftrade was torpedoed and sunk by the U-588, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Victor Vogel, 3 miles off Barnegat Light, New Jersey in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 18 died and 16 survivors were picked up by the patrol vessel USCGC Antietam (WPC 128) and the tender USS Larch (AN 21). The 6,776 ton Gulftrade was carrying bunker C oil and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  War Crimes  
  Secretary Anthony Eden reported to the House of Commons today that the Japanese Army in Hong Kong had been guilty of wholesale atrocities in the occupied crown colony. The report revealed horrific details of torture, murder and rape against Allied prisoners of war and indigenous people. Eden declared that the Japanese emperor and government and "The whole Japanese people" were to blame. Read the text of Foreign Secretary Eden’s report.  
   
  Events in the Western United States  
  The U.S. Navy seized an entire San Francisco neighborhood to add to the facility at Hunters Point. About 100 families were forced to move for what the Navy called "military necessity."  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The corvette USS Impulse (PG-68) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Charles M. Lyons, Jr.  
     
   
  March 1942 Calendar  
   
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