Events occurring on Sunday, May 17, 1942  
  The Eastern Front  
  The Germans counterattacked against the Barvenkovo salient. Army Group Kleist attacked from the north and the VI Army from the south.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam merchant Ruth Lykes was sunk by gunfire by the U-103, commanded by Kapitänleutnant U-103, off Cape Falso, Nicaragua in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 26 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian motor merchant Somerville. The 2,612 ton Ruth Lykes was carrying coffee and was headed for Houston, Texas.  
   
  The unescorted British steam merchant Fort Qu´Appelle was torpedoed and sunk by the U-135, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Friedrich-Hermann Praetorius, north of Bermuda in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 14 died and 11 survivors were picked up by the minesweeper HMCS Melville (J 263). The 7,127 ton ort Qu´Appelle was carrying general cargo, including acetone and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The American motor merchant Challenger was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adolf Cornelius Piening, 25 miles east of Granada in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 8 died and 56 survivors were picked up by the armed yacht USS Turquoise (PY 18). The 7,667 ton Challenger was carrying general cargo and was headed for Bombay, India.  
   
  The unescorted British motor tanker San Victorio was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adolf Cornelius Piening, sank southwest of Grenada in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 52 died and 1 survivor were picked up by the armed yacht USS Turquoise (PY 18). The 8,136 ton San Victorio was carrying benzine and paraffin and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The unescorted British steam merchant Barrdale was torpedoed and sunk by the U-156, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Hartenstein, east of Martinique in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 52 survivors were picked up by the Argentinean motor passenger ship Rio Iguazi. The 5,072 ton Barrdale was carrying government and general cargo and was headed for Abadan, Iran.  
   
  The unescorted and unarmed American steam trawler 324 ton Foam was sunk by gunfire by the U-432, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Heinz-Otto Schultze, about 85 miles south of Halifax, Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 20 survivors were picked up by a Canadian patrol boat and the corvette HMCS Halifax (K 237).  
   
  The unescorted American steam tanker Gulfoil was torpedoed and sunk by the U-506, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Erich Würdemann, about 75 miles southwest of the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. Of the ship’s complement, 21 died and 19 survivors were picked up by the American steam tanker Benjamin Brewster. The 5,189 ton Gulfoil was carrying diesel oil, gas enrichment and bunker oil and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  The unescorted Norwegian steam merchant Skottland was torpedoed and sunk by the U-588, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Victor Vogel, about 20 miles west-southwest of Cape Sable, Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 23 survivors were picked up by the Canadian lobster boat O.K. Servise 4. The 2,117 ton Skottland was carrying lumber and was headed for London, England.  
   
  The unescorted British motor merchant Peisander was torpedoed and sunk by the U-653, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Gerhard Feiler, about 350 miles southeast of Nantucket Island in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 65 survived and were picked up by the patrol vessel USCGC General Greene (WPC 140). The 6,225 ton Peisander was carrying wheat, tungsten, and wool and was headed for Liverpool, England.  
   
  The destroyer USS Hambleton (DD 455) was damaged in a collision with the destroyer USS Ellyson (DD 454) while in U.S. Navy Task Force 36, en route to the United States from the Gold Coast of Africa.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Triton (SS 201), commanded by Lt. Commander Charles C. Kirkpatrick, torpedoed and sank the submarine IJN I-64 southeast of Kyushu, Japan.  
   
  The submarine USS Tautog (SS 199), commanded by Lt. Commander Joseph H. Willingham, torpedoed and sank the submarine IJN I-28 south of Truk, Caroline Islands.  
   
  The submarine USS Skipjack (SS 184), commanded by Lt. Commander James W. Coe, torpedoed and sank the 5,477 ton Japanese troop transport Tazan Maru near the Gulf of Siam.  
   
  The submarine USS Silversides (SS 236), commanded by Lt. Commander Creed C. Burlingame, torpedoed and damaged the Japanese troop transport Tottori Maru and torpedoed and damaged the Japanese merchant cargo ship Thames Maru off Shionomisaki, southern Honshu, Japan.  
   
  The submarine USS Grampus (SS 207), commanded by Lt. Commander Edward S. Hutchinson, was damaged by the gunfire of a Japanese patrol craft off Truk, Carline Islands.  
     
   
  May 1942 Calendar  
   
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