Events occurring on Saturday, May 30, 1942  
  Strategic Conferences  
  During the Anglo-American air conference in London U.S. Army Air Force Lt. General Henry H "Hap" Arnold presented the "Programme of Arrival of US Army Air Forces in the United Kingdom" to RAF Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles F Portal. The plan provided for 66 combat groups, exclusive of observation squadrons, by March 1943.  
   
  The Air War Over Europe  
  Operation Millennium began when the first air raid using over 1,000 bombers attacked a German city. 1,047 aircraft were dispatched to Cologne, of which 868 attacked the main target dropping 1,455 tons of explosives, two-thirds of which were incendiaries. Forty one aircraft were lost. The city suffered severe damage and 469 people were killed. About 250 factories and 18,400 houses were destroyed or damaged. Half of the city's power supply was out of action, and some 12,000 fires started, many of which burned for days.  
   
  The Battle of Midway  
  U.S. Navy Task Force 17, under command of Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, formed around the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown (CV 5), departed Pearl Harbor to join U.S. Navy Task Force 16 northeast of Midway Island. The USS Yorktown left Pearl Harbor after hasty repairs made to the damage it received at the Battle of the Coral Sea so that it could meet the Japanese threat to Midway Island.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted Norwegian motor merchant Baghdad was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adolf Cornelius Piening, east of Martinique in the Caribbean. Of the ship’s complement, 9 died and 21 survived. The 2,161 ton Baghdad was carrying general cargo and mail and was headed for Pernambuco, Brazil.  
   
  The American steam merchant Alcoa Shipper was torpedoed and sunk by the U-404, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto von Bülow, about 500 miles east of Cape Charles, Virginia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 7 died and 25 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian steam merchant Margrethe Bakke. The 5,491 ton Alcoa Shipper was carrying bauxite ore and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Pompano (SS 181), commanded by Lt. Commander Lewis S. Parks, torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Atsuta Maru east of Okinawa and survived a counterattack by her escort.  
   
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  A small reconnaissance seaplane from the submarine IJN I-10 reconnoitered Diego Suarez, Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.  
   
  Weapons Advancement  
  After careful evaluation, the U.S. Army Air Corps officially accepted the Sikorsky XR-4 helicopter and assigned the serial number 41-18874 to the aircraft.  
   
  The Nisei - Japanese Americans in WW2  
  Fred T. Korematsu was arrested on a street corner in San Leandro after being recognized as a "Jap". Korematsu underwent plastic surgery on his eyelids in the unsuccessful hope of passing as a Caucasian in order to find work. Korematsu agreed to let Ernest Besig, the director of the American Civil Liberties Union in northern California, to use his case to test the legality of the Japanese American internment. On December 18, 1944, in a 6-3 decision regarding Korematsu v. United States the U.S. Supreme Court held that compulsory exclusion, though constitutionally suspect, was justified during circumstances of "emergency and peril."  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The submarine U-445 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Heinz-Konrad Fenn.  
     
   
  May 1942 Calendar  
   
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