Events occurring on Wednesday, November 18, 1942  
 
  The Allied Campaign for New Guinea  
  USAAF B-17 Flying Fortresses damaged the destroyers IJN Umikaze and IJN Kawakaze off Buna, New Guinea.  
   
  USAAF B-17 Flying Fortresses from the 5th Air Force sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Havana Maru off Kahili airfield, Bougainville, Papua New Guinea.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  While escorting Convoy ONS-144, the Norwegian corvette HNoMS Montbretia (K 208) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-262, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Franke, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 47 died and 23 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian corvette HNoMS Potentilla (K 214).  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ONS-144, the American steam merchant Yaka was torpedoed and sunk by the U-522, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Herbert Schneider, south-southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. The Yaka had been damaged earlier that day by the U-624. Of the ship’s complement, all 52 survived and were picked up by the corvette HMS Vervain (K 190). The 5,432 ton Yaka was carrying ballast and was bound for Boston, Massachusetts.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ONS-144, the American steam merchant Parismina was torpedoed and sunk by the U-624, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Graf Ulrich von Soden-Fraunhofen, south-southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 20 died and 55 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Perth and Norwegian corvette HNoMS Rose (K 102). The 4,732 ton Parismina was carrying sand ballast and was bound for Boston, Massachusetts.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ONS-144, the British steam tanker President Sergent was torpedoed and sunk by the U-624 south-southeast of Cape Farewell. Of the ship’s complement, 20 died and 39 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Perth. The 5,344 ton President Sergent was carrying ballast and was bound for Trinidad.  
   
  The unescorted Norwegian motor merchant Tortugas was torpedoed and sunk by the U-67, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Günther Müller-Stöckheim, east of Barbados in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 38 survived and were picked up by the American steam merchant Herman F. Whiton, a Yugoslavian merchant or reached land by lifeboat. The 4,697 ton Tortugas was carrying general cargo, including manganese ore, jute, and tea and was bound for Clyde, United Kingdom.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy SC-109, the American motor tanker Brilliant was torpedoed and damaged by the U-43, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Schwantke, in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 60 survived. The 9,131 ton Brilliant was carrying fuel oil and was bound for Belfast, Ireland. The ship ending sinking while being towed to Newfoundland.  
   
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  The submarine HMS Trusty (N 45), commanded by Lt. Commander Edward F. Balston, sinks 5,617 ton Japanese army cargo ship Columbia Maru off Penang, Malaya in the eastern Indian Ocean.  
   
  Events in Vichy France  
  Vichy French leader Marshal Philippe Pétain granted law-making power to Prime Minster Pierre Laval, enabling him to issue decrees solely on his own authority. Pétain stated that these powers would enable Laval as head of the Government "to deal speedily at any hour and in all places with the difficulties through which France is passing."  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The destroyer USS Hobby (DD 610) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Ernest Blake.  
   
  The Polish destroyer ORP Orkan (G 90) was commissioned. Her first commander was Captain Stanislaw Hryniewiecki.  
   
  The Australian minesweeper HMAS Horsham (J 235) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. William H. Newby.  
   
  The submarine U-419 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Dietrich Giersberg.  
   
  The submarine U-307 was commissioned. Her first commander was Leutnant zur See Friedrich-Georg Herrle.  
     
   
  November 1942 Calendar  
   
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