Events occurring on Tuesday, October 13, 1942  
  The Battle for Stalingrad  
  The Germans launched a major attack against the factory district in northern Stalingrad.  
   
  The Battle for Guadalcanal  
  U.S. Navy Task Group 62.6, under command of Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner, arrived at Kukum, Guadalcanal, where the transports USS McCawley (AP 10) and USS Seilin (AP 9) disembarked the U.S. 164th Infantry Regiment of the Americal Division. These soldiers, the first major infusion of troops to Guadalcanal, would reinforce the U.S. First Marine Division.  
   
  The high-speed minesweepers USS Hovey (DMS 11) and USS Trever (DMS 16) rescued 113 Japanese survivors of the nettle of Cape Esperance, which ended the previous day.  
   
  The 16-inch guns on the battleships IJN Kongo and IJN Haruna bombarded U.S. Marine positions on Guadalcanal for 90 minutes. Henderson Field was closed for a short time and other damage was heavy. Only 42 planes remained in service after the debris was cleared.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Empire Nomad was torpedoed and sunk by the U-159, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Helmut Witte, about 250 miles south of Cape Point, South Africa in the southern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 44 survivors were picked up by the Panamanian motor tanker Elisha Walker and the British merchant Tynebank. The 7,167 ton Empire Nomad was carrying ballast and was bound for New York, New York.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy SC-104, the British steam merchant Ashworth was torpedoed and sunk by the U-221, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Hartwig Trojer, about 500 miles east of Newfoundland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 49 died. The 5,227 ton Ashworth was carrying bauxite and was bound for Belfast, Ireland.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy SC-104, the Norwegian steam merchant Fagersten was torpedoed and sunk by the U-221, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Hartwig Trojer, approximately 500 miles east of Newfoundland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 19 died and 10 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Potentilla (K 214). The 2,342 ton Fagersten was carrying lumber and steel and was bound for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy SC-104, the Norwegian steam merchant Senta was torpedoed and sunk by the U-221 approximately 500 miles east of Newfoundland. All of the ship’s complement of 35 died. The 3,785 ton Senta was carrying wood pulp and steel and was bound for London, England.  
   
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  The submarine IJN I-30 was sunk by a mine, three miles east of Singapore, Malaysia.  
   
  A small reconnaissance seaplane from the submarine IJN I-7 reconnoitered Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The minesweeper USS Broadbill (AM 58) was commissioned.  
     
   
  October 1942 Calendar  
   
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