Calendar and Summary for October 1942  
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  September 1942 November 1942  
  Summary of Significant Events for October 1942  
  German scientists made the first successful test launch of a V-2 rocket.  German and Soviet forces battled for the factory complexes in the northern sector of Stalingrad.  German forces captured the oil-producing city of Malgobek in the Caucasus.  U.S. Marines launched a new offensive to extend the perimeter around Henderson Field on Guadalcanal.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that at the end of the war all war criminals would be prosecuted.  The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet issued a decree establishing a single command and abolishing political commissars in the army.  The Battle of Cape Esperance was fought off the northwest coast of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands between American and Japanese naval forces.  The 16-inch guns on the battleships IJN Kongo and IJN Haruna bombarded U.S. Marine positions on Guadalcanal for 90 minutes.  The Americal Division of the U.S. Army reinforced the Marines on Guadalcanal.  Admiral William F. "Bull" Halsey, Jr. was appointed chief of the Pacific Command Area, replacing Admiral Robert L. Ghormley.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered that all prisoners taken from Commando or similar units were to be shot immediately.  U.S. Major General Mark Clark landed in Algiers on a secret mission to meet with pro-Allied French officers who might assist in the upcoming landings in North Africa.  The Battle of El Alamein between the British 8th Army and the Afrika Korps began.  The Battle of Santa Cruz was fought between American and Japanese naval forces.  The U.S. War Department announced that the opening of the "Alcan" military highway.  105 ships (566,939 tons) were sunk and 15 ships (99,709 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during October 1942.  
  Events occurring in October 1942 with no specific dates  
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Dr. James B. Conant recommended to Dr. Vannevar Bush, the director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development which oversaw the Manhattan Project, that information exchange with Britain, already largely one-way (United Kingdom to the United States), be sharply restricted. Bush would pass this recommendation to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. As a result the U.S. lost access to British work in gaseous diffusion, which seriously delayed successful gaseous diffusion plant completion.  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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