Events occurring on Thursday, September 24, 1942  
  The Wehrmacht  
  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler relieved Colonel General Franz Halder as Chief of Staff of the Army General Staff and replaced him with General Kurt Zeitzler.  
   
  The Battle for Guadalcanal  
  U.S. SBD Dauntlesses from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, damaged the destroyer IJN Umikaze while the ship engaged in resupply operations.  
   
  USAAF B-17 Flying Fortresses damaged the seaplane carrier IJN Sanuki Maru off Shortlands Island, Solomon Islands.  
   
  The Central Pacific Theater  
  The Japanese landed on Maiana in the Gilbert Islands.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Dispersed from Convoy TRIN-14, the American steam merchant West Chetac was torpedoed and sunk by the U-175, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Heinrich Bruns, approximately 100 miles north of Georgetown, British Guiana in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 31 died and 19 survivors were picked up by the destroyer USS Roe (DD 418). The 5,627 ton West Chetac was carrying general war supplies and was headed for Basra, Iraq.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy SC-100, the American steam merchant Pennmar was torpedoed and sunk by the U-432, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Heinz-Otto Schultze, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 60 survivors were picked up by the cutter USCGC Bibb (WPG 31). The 5,868 ton Pennmar was carrying general cargo, including steel, food, and trucks and was headed for Liverpool, England.  
   
  The unescorted American steam merchant Antinous was torpedoed and sunk by the U-512, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Wolfgang Schultze, southeast of Trinidad in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 48 survived. The 6,034 ton Antinous was carrying bauxite ore and was headed for Georgetown, British Guiana.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy SC-100, the Belgian steam merchant Roumanie was torpedoed and sunk by the U-617, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Albrecht Brandi, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 42 died and the one survivor was taken prisoner. The 3,563 ton Roumanie was carrying general cargo and was headed for London, England.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy ON-131, the American steam merchant John Winthrop was torpedoed and then sunk by gunfire by the U-619, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Makowski, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 52 died. The 7,176 ton John Winthrop was carrying ballast and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  Naval Action in the Mediterranean  
  The 39 ton Egyptian sailing ship Sphinx was sunk by gunfire by the U-561, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Schomburg, approximately 35 miles southwest of Tiros, Lebanon in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.  
   
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  The U.S. freighter Losmar was sunk by the submarine IJN I-165 approximately 250 miles west of Cape Comorin, India. Of the ship's 9-man Armed Guard detachment, 3 were lost when she sank. The British ship Louise Moller would rescue 14 survivors on October 5. Seven other survivors would reach the west coast of Ceylon by boat on October 17.  
   
  Women in the Armed Forces  
  Olga Yamschchikova of the Red Air Force became the first woman night fighter pilot to score a kill when she shot down a JU-88 bomber over Stalingrad. Yamschchikova was a member of the 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment, an all women unit which during the war flew 4,419 combat missions and shot down 38 enemy aircraft.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The escort carrier USS Suwanee (CVE 27) was commissioned. Her first commander was Captain Joseph J. Clark.  
   
  The submarine HMS Sea Dog (P 216) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Anthony R. Daniell.  
   
  The submarine U-190 was commissioned. Her first commander was Kapitänleutnant Max Wintermeyer.  
   
  The submarine U-641 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Horst Rendtel.  
     
   
  September 1942 Calendar  
   
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