Events occurring on Wednesday, September 30, 1942  
  Diplomacy  
  Turkey and Germany signed a trade agreement in which Germany would get chrome and Turkey would get arms.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Empire Avocet was torpedoed and sunk by the U-125, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ulrich Folkers, approximately 350 miles south of Freetown, Sierra Leone in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 56 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Cowslip (K 196). The 6,015 ton Empire Avocet was carrying meat and general cargo and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The unescorted British steam passenger ship Kumsang was torpedoed and sunk by the U-125 approximately 300 miles south of Freetown. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 110 survivors reached land by lifeboat. The 5,447 ton Kumsang was carrying general cargo and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The unescorted British motor merchant Siam II was torpedoed and sunk by the U-506, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Erich Würdemann, southwest of Monrovia, Liberia in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 39 survived and were picked up by the British steam merchant Nagpore. The 6,637 ton Siam II was carrying cotton, general cargo, and grain and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The unescorted British steam merchant Alipore was torpedoed and then sunk by gunfire by the U-516, commanded by Gerhard Wiebe, northeast of Georgetown, British Guiana in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 73 survivors were picked up by the fishing schooner United Eagle. The 5,273 ton Alipore was carrying chrome ore and olive oil and was headed for New York, New York.  
   
  The South Pacific Theater  
  The heavy cruiser USS San Francisco (CA-38) and light minelayer Breese (DM-18) were damaged in a collision during night illumination exercises east of Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. The destroyer Farragut (DD 348) towed the damaged USS Breese to Espiritu Santo.  
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The escort carrier HMS Attacker (D 02) was commissioned. Her first commander was Captain Waldemar W. P. Shirley-Rollison.  
   
  The submarine U-529 was commissioned. Her first commander was Kapitänleutnant Georg-Werner Fraatz.  
     
   
  September 1942 Calendar  
   
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