Calendar and Summary for April 1943  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                1   2   3
4   5   6   7   8   9   10
11   12   13   14   15   16   17
18   19   20   21   22   23   24
25   26   27   28   29   30    
 
   
  March 1943 May 1943  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for April 1943  
   
  British and U.S. forces launched an offensive at Wadi Akarit, in southern Tunisia.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini conferred in Salzburg, Austria.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt froze wages and prices. He also ordered workers in certain "essential" industries to keep their jobs.  The 8th Army, under command of General Bernard L. Montgomery, occupied the Tunisian seaport of Sfax.  Berlin Radio announced that German military forces in the Katyn forest near Smolensk in the western Soviet Union had discovered a mass grave filled with former Polish officers.  Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander of the Combined Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, was killed when his transport bomber aircraft was shot down over Bougainville Island by U.S. Army fighter aircraft.  The trial of the White Rose resistance group concluded. Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf, and Kurt Huber received death sentences.  27 fully laden Me 323 Gigant ("Giant") transport planes carrying troops and gasoline to Tunisia were intercepted by seven squadrons of Spitfires and P-40s, with the loss of 21 Me 323s.  The British 138th Infantry Brigade under Brigadier Howlett captured "Longstop Hill" in Tunisia, a key position on the breakout road to Tunis.  A spontaneous general strike erupted in the Netherlands caused by the sudden abduction of Dutch prisoners of war into captivity in Germany.  49 ships (266,274 tons) were sunk and 8 ships (56,270 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during April 1943.  
   
  Events occurring in April 1943 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Work at Los Alamos, New Mexico began on the atomic bomb’s design.
  Learn more about the American Atomic Bombs Program  
 
     
   
     
   
 

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