Calendar and Summary for December 1943  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
            1   2   3   4
5   6   7   8   9   10   11
12   13   14   15   16   17   18
19   20   21   22   23   24   25
26   27   28   29   30   31    
 
   
  November 1943 January 1944  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for December 1943  
   
  German JU-88 bombers attacked the Italian seaport of Bari and sank Allied sixteen cargo ships sank and killed approximately 1,000 men.  The Second Conference of Cairo, codenamed Sextant took place.  TF 50 attacked Japanese installations on Kwajalein and Wotje Atolls in the Marshall Islands and sank and damaged a number of Japanese ships.  Resistance leader Josip Broz Tito proclaimed a provisional democratic in Yugoslavia.  Veteran formations began to be withdrawn from the front in Italy for transfer to England in preparation for Operation Overlord.  The P-51D Mustang fighter made its combat debut.  The German battle cruiser SMS Scharnhorst was sunk in the Arctic Ocean by a British naval force.  14 ships (68,855 tons) were sunk and 3 ships (24,730 tons) were damaged by U-boats during December 1943.  
   
  Events occurring in December 1943 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Dr. Emilio Segre measured the spontaneous fission rate of U-235 at Los Alamos, New Mexico and found it lower than expected. This allowed a substantial reduction in performance of the planned gun assembly method for uranium.  
   
  Chemical separation of reactor-produced plutonium begins, using fuel from the X-10 pile.
  Learn more about the American Atomic Bombs Program  
 
     
   
     
   
 

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