Events occurring on Friday, January 15, 1943  
  Military Conflict in North Africa  
  The British started an offensive aimed at taking Tripoli.  
   
  The Battle for Guadalcanal  
  SBD Dauntlesses from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal escorted by F4F Wildcats attacked nine Japanese, under command of Rear Admiral Tanaka Raizo, that were harassed by Curtiss SOC scout-observation planes the previous night. Tanaka’s ships, attacked northeast of New Georgia, Solomon Islands, were bringing in 600 troops to cover the evacuation of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal. The SBD Dauntlesses damaged the IJN  Arashi, IJN Tanikaze, IJN Urakaze, and IJN Hamakaze.  
   
  The Solomon Islands Campaign  
  The Japanese attempt to reinforce their troops in the Solomon Islands began as Section A, three transports accompanied by the destroyer IJN Shigure, departed Truk for Bougainville. The soldiers were being transferred from China.  
   
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  USAAF B-24 Liberators bombed a Japanese convoy, sinking the army cargo ship Nichimei Maru and damaging the army cargo ship Moji Maru, approximately 200 miles south-southwest of Rangoon, Burma. Unknown to the aviators, the Nichimei Maru was transporting over 1,000 Allied POWs, approximately 500 of whom were lost.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The British steam merchant Ocean Courage was torpedoed and sunk by the U-182, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Asmus Nicolai Clausen, about 200 miles south of the Cape Verde Islands off the west coast of Africa in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 46 died and 7 survivors were picked up by the British merchant Silverwalnut. The 7,173 ton Ocean Courage was carrying iron ore and mail and was headed for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Events in the United States  
  On the Virginia side of the Potomac River outside Washington, D.C., the new headquarters building for the Armed Forces of the U.S. was dedicated. Due to the 5-sided architectural design, it became known as "The Pentagon" and is the world’s largest office building. The size of this building allowed the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy and U.S. Army Air Force to move their command functions into one place. These had been located all over the greater Washington, D.C. area. The Pentagon was designed by the American architect George Bergstrom and built by Philadelphia general contractor John McShain. General Brehon Somervell provided the major motive power behind the project. Colonel Leslie Groves and Major Clarence Renshaw were responsible for overseeing the project for the Army.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The destroyer USS Nields (DD 616) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Albert R. Heckey.  
   
  The submarine USS Tinosa (SS 283) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Lawrence R. Daspit.  
     
   
  January 1943 Calendar  
   
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