Events occurring on Sunday, January 17, 1943  
  The Solomon Islands Campaign  
  The Japanese attempt to reinforce their troops in the Solomon Islands continued as Section B of Japanese Solomon Islands reinforcement convoy sailed from Truk bound for the Shortlands. The soldiers were being transferred from China.  
   
  Curtiss SOC scout-observation planes on night patrol located a Japanese submarine by lightning flash and attacked her, but the bomb failed to detonate.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  Traveling with Convoy HX-222, the Panamanian whale factory ship Vestfold was torpedoed and sunk by the U-268, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Ernst Heydemann, west of Brest, northwest France. Before the ship sank she ran uncontrolled in circles and almost collided with the British rescue ship Rathlin, which picked up the survivors. Of the ship’s complement, 19 died and 56 survivors were picked up. The 14,547 ton Vestfold was carrying fuel oil and 3 landing craft (the British HMS LCT-2239, HMS LCT-2267 and HMS LCT-2344 (each 291 tons) and was headed for Clyde, United Kingdom.  
   
  Naval Action in the Mediterranean  
  The submarine HMS United, commanded by Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, torpedoed and sank the Italian destroyer Bombardiere about 20 nautical miles north-west of Isola Marettimo, Sicily.  
   
  Allied Submarine Action in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Whale, commanded by Lt. Commander John B. Azer, torpedoed and sank the 9,816 ton Japanese troop transport Heiyo Maru northeast of Truk, Caroline Islands.  
   
  The submarine USS Finback, commanded by Lt. Commander Jesse L. Hull, damaged Japanese merchant cargo ship Yachiyo Maru with gunfire off Tanega Shima, Japan.  
   
  The submarine USS Searaven, commanded by Lt. Commander Hiram Cassedy, torpedoed Japanese ship Gokoku Maru just off Palau, but the "fish" that hit proved to be a dud.  
   
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The Naval Base and Naval Air Station, Brisbane, Australia, were established. The Brisbane bases would eventually become the largest U.S. Navy facility in Australia.  
   
  Events in the United States  
  It was Tin Can Drive Day in the United States. During the rest of 1943 salvage drives would produce 255,513 tons of tin cans to be used for the war effort.  
     
   
  January 1943 Calendar  
   
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