Calendar and Summary for January 1943  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                    1   2
3   4   5   6   7   8   9
10   11   12   13   14   15   16
17   18   19   20   21   22   23
24   25   26   27   28   29   30
31                        
                         
 
   
  December 1942 February 1943  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for January 1943  
   
  The last Japanese positions around Buna, New Guinea fell.  In London, 18 governments of the United Nations issued a declaration pledging to combat and defeat the Axis plundering of occupied Europe.  The Supreme Court of Canada upheld the War Measures Act, passed in 1914, which gave the federal Cabinet emergency powers to govern by decree.  A Japanese Val dive-bomber shot down by the light cruiser USS Helena was the first kill of enemy aircraft by proximity fuses.  After a stormy interview with German Chancellor Adolph Hitler, Grand Admiral Erich Raeder tendered his resignations as Commander in Chief of the Kriegsmarine.  Tokyo radio announced that Nanking Government in China had declared war on the United States and Britain.  Operation Ring, the Soviet offensive to destroy the Stalingrad pocket, began.  The U.S. XIV Corps began offensive operations on Guadalcanal.  Amchitka Island in Alaska was occupied by a small U.S. force.  The Soviets launched the second stage of Operation Saturn.  The U.S. 25th Division captured Galloping Horse Ridge on Guadalcanal.  The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held in Casablanca, Morocco.  The British started an offensive aimed at taking Tripoli.  The Pentagon was dedicated.  The Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts (Soviet armies) met and opened a 6 to 8 miles wide land corridor that provided some relief to the besieged population of Leningrad.  The Red Army overran Gumrak airport near Stalingrad severing the last link between the German Sixth Army and the outside world.  The last organized Japanese resistance was overcome by Allied forces in Papua, New Guinea.  The British 8th Army under General Bernard Montgomery entered Tripoli.  Hitler sent the following message to the commander of the German Sixth Army Friedrich Paulus at Stalingrad: "Surrender is forbidden."  Bombers from the U.S. 8th Air Force flew the first American bombing raid against Germany.  The Battle of Rennell Island took place near the Solomon Islands.  With the imminent defeat of the German 6th Army at hand at Stalingrad, German Chancellor Adolph Hitler promoted General Fredrich Paulus to Field Marshal. Since no German field marshal had ever been taken prisoner, Hitler assumed that Paulus would fight on or take his own life.  A rally in Berlin to mark the 10th anniversary of Hitler’s coming to power was interrupted several times by six raiding Mosquitoes.  With 91,000 starving and sick, troops, the German commander in Stalingrad Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, surrendered to the Soviet Army.  45 ships (215,496 tons) were sunk and 4 ships (30,494 tons) were damaged by U-boats during January 1943.  
   
  Events occurring in January 1943 with no specific dates  
     
   
     
   
 

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