Calendar and Summary for July 1943  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                1   2   3
4   5   6   7   8   9   10
11   12   13   14   15   16   17
18   19   20   21   22   23   24
25   26   27   28   29   30   31
 
   
  June 1943 August 1943  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for July 1943  
   
  Australian forces linked up with U.S. troops at Nassau Bay on the coast of New Guinea.  Polish leader General Wladyslaw Sikorski was killed in a plane crash off Gibraltar.  Two German Army Groups and Southern Army Group attacked the Kursk salient as Operation Citadel began.  U.S. Marines and U.S. Army troops landed at Rice Anchorage, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands.  The naval Battle of Kula Gulf took place north of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands.  After a scientific briefing German Chancellor Adolf Hitler approved the V-2 project for top priority.  Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily, began.  The naval Battle of Kolombangara took place in the Solomon Islands.  Lt. General George S. Patton decided to advance west to Palermo with half his army.  Hitler ordered a withdrawal from Kursk and canceled Operation Citadel.  American bombers hit Rome and its vicinity for the first time in the war.  The first “island hopping” operation started in the Pacific as American forces landed on Vella Lavella bypassing the Japanese stronghold at Kolombangara.  The U.S. 2nd Armored Division under command of Patton entered Palermo.  An RAF raid on Hamburg marked the first time that “Window” or chaff was used.  Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini was dismissed from office by Victor Emmanuel III and replaced by Marshal Pietro Badoglio.  Hitler ordered Sicily abandoned.  The Japanese evacuated the 6,000 man garrison on Kiska Island in the Aleutians without being detected by American forces.  49 ships (263,037 tons) were sunk and 10 ships (68,252 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during July 1943.  
   
  Events occurring in July 1943 with no specific dates  
     
   
     
   
 

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