Events occurring on Thursday, June 24, 1943  
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Runner (SS 275), commanded by Lt. Commander John H. Bourland, torpedoed and sank the 4,935 ton Japanese army cargo ship Shinryu Maru off Matsuwa Island, Kuriles.  
   
  The submarine USS Snook (SS 279), commanded by Lt. Commander Charles O. Triebel, torpedoed and damaged the 7,986 ton Japanese fleet oiler Ose west of Amami Oshima Island, southern Japan.  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Working with cyclotron produced plutonium, Dr. Emilio Segre determined that the spontaneous fission rate was 5 fissions/kg-sec. This was well within the assembly speed capability of a high speed gun.  
   
  India in WW2  
  Indian nationalist Chandra Bose made a radio broadcast from Tokyo. In the message he told his countrymen that in spite of the great military disasters, “British Imperialism remained inexorable – no Indian should ever cherish the illusion that one day England will be induced to recognize India’s independence”.  It was imperative, he said, to “carry on the fight for liberty, inside India and outside India with all our strength and vigor”.  He, therefore, exhorted: “In this struggle there is no going back, and there can be no faltering.  We must march onward till victory is achieved and freedom won."  
   
  The Resistance  
  Karl Friedrich Stellbrink, a protestant theologian and critic of the Nazis for their anti-Church views was sentenced to death by the People’s Court in the “Lubeck Christians’ Trial.”  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The Canadian minesweeper HMCS Sault Ste Marie (J 334) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Reginald Jackson.  
   
  The submarine USS Crevalle (SS 291) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Henry G. Munson.  
     
   
  June 1943 Calendar  
   
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