Calendar and Summary for June 1943  
        1   2   3   4   5
6   7   8   9   10   11   12
13   14   15   16   17   18   19
20   21   22   23   24   25   26
27   28   29   30            
  May 1943 July 1943  
  Summary of Significant Events for June 1943  
  Over 500,000 coal miners went on strike after negotiations broke down.  Generals Charles De Gaulle and Henri Giraud became co-presidents of the French Provisional Government-in-Exile.  Japanese military leaders ordered the evacuation of the Aleutian island of Kiska.  "Operation Black" against the Yugoslavian partisans almost succeeded in capturing Josip Broz Tito.  The Pointblank Directive, setting the priorities and aims of the bomber offensive for Operation Overlord, was issued to British and American heavy bomber forces in Europe.  The Allies launched "Operation Corkscrew", a landing on the Italian island of Pantelleria.  The SS began destroying the evidence of Nazi atrocities.  Field Marshal Archibald Wavell was appointed Viceroy of India in October and General Claude Auchinleck was appointed Commander in Chief in India.  Operation Cartwheel opened with landings by the U.S. Marines on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands.  Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the dissolution of all Jewish ghettos in the East.  Operation Cartwheel continued in the Solomon Islands as American forces landed on Woodlark Island.  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill directed that air supply for Josip Broz Tito's partisans be given the highest priority.  Indian nationalist Chandra Bose made a radio broadcast from Tokyo calling on his countrymen to resist the British.  U.S. Marines landed on New Guinea near Lae.  Operation Cartwheel continued as American forces landed on Rendova, Vangunu, Sasavele, Baraulu, and Torbriand in the New Georgia group.  21 ships (78,316 tons) were sunk and 6 ships (35,525 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during June 1943..  
  Events occurring in June 1943 with no specific dates  
  The Atomic Bombs  
  U.S. Navy Captain William Parsons arrived at Los Alamos, New Mexico as Ordnance Division leader to begin directing gun assembly research.
  Learn more about the American Atomic Bombs Program  

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