Calendar and Summary for March 1943  
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  February 1943 April 1943  
  Summary of Significant Events for March 1943  
  Heinz Guderian was recalled to active service and appointed Inspector-General of the Armored Troops. The Battle of the Bismarck Sea between U.S. and Japanese naval forces ended with a U.S. victory.  RAF Bomber Command began "The Battle of the Ruhr", with a major attack on Essen and its Krupps factories.  The U-130 sank, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Siegfried Keller, 4 merchant ships of Convoy XK-2 in the central Atlantic Ocean.  The fighter jet Gloster Meteor was flown for the first time.  Field Marshal Erwin Rommel called off his advance in the Battle of Medenine.  The U-510, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Karl Neitzel, sank or damaged 8 merchant ships of Convoy BT-6 off the coast of Dutch Guiana.  The British SOE sank a German freighter with a radio transmitter aboard in the Portuguese port of Mormugao, India.  The U.S. Fourteenth Air Force was established and was assigned to the China-Burma-India Theater with Major General Claire Chennault as its commander.  The Red Army liberated Vyazma in its drive toward Smolensk.  A bomb was placed on German Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s plane but did not explode.  The U-107, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Harald Gelhaus, sank 4 merchant ships of Convoy OS-44 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.  Soviet Marshall Josef Stalin reiterated his view that a Second Front was needed in a message to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.  The U-338, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Manfred Kinzel, sank 4 merchant ships of Convoy SC-122 in the northern Atlantic Ocean.  The Third Battle of Kharkov ended with the Germans succeeding in stabilizing the southern half of the eastern front.  Colonel Orde Wingate’s column of Chindits crossed the Irrawaddy River in Burma.  The British began an offensive against the Mareth line in Tunisia.  Another plot to kill Hitler at the Berlin Armory Museum failed.  The U.S. 2nd Corps under Lt. General George S. Patton held against the 10th Panzer Division at El Guettar in Tunisia in the first victory by the Americans over the Germans.  The U.S. 2nd Corps captured the Fondouk Gap in Tunisia.  Meat, butter, and cheese were rationed in the United States.  108 ships (585,404 tons) were sunk and 23 ships (155,615 tons) were damaged by U-boats in March, 1943.  
  Events occurring in March 1943 with no specific dates  
  The Atomic Bombs  
  As the original construction program neared completion Dr. Robert Oppenheimer began assembling his preliminary staff at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Work began with a series of lectures by the senior scientists who had already done work on the atomic weapon program.From this point on the site would grow non-stop through the end of the war.
  Learn more about the American Atomic Bombs Program  

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