Calendar and Summary for November 1943  
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21   22   23   24   25   26   27
28   29   30                
  October 1943 December 1943  
  Summary of Significant Events for November 1943  
  The Red Army trapped the German 17th Army on the Crimean peninsula.  Operation Goodtime began as the U.S. 3rd Marine Division landed in Empress Augusta Bay on Bougainville.  The Germans withdrew to the Reinhard Line in Italy.  The Japanese launched an unsuccessful counterattack against the U.S. Marines on Bougainville.  U.S. aircraft carriers successfully attacked a Japanese naval squadron in the Bismarck Archipelago.  The Steppe Front liberated the city of Kiev.  Two separate U.S. aircraft carrier task forces attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul.  The Germans invaded the British held island of Leros in the Aegean Sea.  American forces conducted the Operation Galvanic amphibious assaults on Tarawa Atoll and Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands.  The Cairo Conference was held between the United States, Great Britain, and China.  RAF bombers attacked Berlin.  The Red Army liberated Gomel.  The Teheran Conference was held between the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.  The British 8th Army established a bridgehead across the Sangro River in Italy.  Australian forces captured Gusika and Bonga in New Guinea.  13 ships (35,034 tons) were sunk and 3 ships (18,691 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during November 1943.  
  Events occurring in November 1943 with no specific dates  
  The Atomic Bombs  
  The top experts in England on fission weapons, many former members of the MAUD committee, departed England for the United States to assist the atomic bomb project. Included are Niels Bohr, Otto Frisch, Rudolf Peierls, James Chadwick, William Penney, George Placzek, P.B. Moon, James Tuck, Egon Bretscher, and Klaus Fuchs.  
  The U.S. Navy approved Philip Abelson's plan to build a liquid thermal diffusion pilot plant for enriching uranium.  
  The world's first sample of plutonium in metal form was produced by reducing PuF4 with Ba at the Met Lab.  

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