Calendar and Summary for September 1943  
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  August 1943 October 1943  
  Summary of Significant Events for September 1943  
  Italian General Giuseppe Castellano signed a formal surrender agreement with the Allies in Cassibili, Sicily.  Operation Baytown began with the British 8th Army assaulting Italy from Sicily across the Strait of Messina. The Australian 9th Division landed on the Huon Peninsula near Lae, New Guinea.  The U.S. 503rd Parachute Regiment was dropped behind Lae in the Markham Valley.  General Dwight Eisenhower and Italian Premier Marshal Pietro Badoglio publicly announced the surrender of Italy.  Operation Avalanche began with the U.S. 5th Army landing on beaches to the south of Salerno, Italy.  German forces seized control of Rome and the other major Italian cities in central and northern Italy.  SS Lt. Colonel Otto Skorzeny led a glider attack on a mountain top resort at Gran Sasso and freed former Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini.  Mussolini announced the establishment of a Republican Fascist Party and the Socialist Republic of Italy.  The Red Army liberated Bryansk.  A senior British liaison mission met with Josip Broz Tito in Yugoslavia.  5,000 men of the Italian “Acqui” Division were killed after they surrendered to the Germans after two weeks of heavy fighting.  A popular uprising began against the German in Naples.  22 ships (98,476 tons) were sunk and 3 ships (22,598 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during September 1943.  
  Events occurring in September 1943 with no specific dates  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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