Calendar and Summary for August 1944  
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  July 1944 September 1944  
  Summary of Significant Events for August 1944  
  The Red Army captured Kaunas, the capital of Lithuania.  The uprising by the Polish Home Army in Warsaw began.  Organized Japanese resistance on Tinian in the Mariana Islands ended.  Turkey severed diplomatic and trade relations with Germany.  The remnants of the Japanese 18th Division defending Myitkyina abandoned the city and crossed over the Irrawaddy River.  The British 13th Corps entered Florence, Italy.  RAF bombers used 12,000-pound "Tall Boy" bombs to inflict serious damage to the concrete submarine pens at Brest.  In Australia, over 900 Japanese prisoners of war staged a mass escape from a prison camp.  The liquidation of the Lodz ghetto, the last in Poland, began.  The Canadians launched "Operation Totalize" and broke through German lines southwest of Caen.  The best known trials of the July 20th plotters in the People's Court began in Berlin.  Organized Japanese resistance on Guam came to an end.  The Soviet 3rd Baltic Front began a new offensive in Estonia south of Lake Peipus.  The Allies launched "Operation Dragoon", landing nearly 100,000 troops of the U.S. 7th Army on the beaches of southern France.  The Allies closed the Falaise-Argentan gap, surrounding some of the German 7th Army, although most of the Germans escaped.  The French Resistance began an uprising in Paris.  Japanese resistance on Biak Island in New Guinea ended.  Romania accepted the Soviet Union’s armistice terms.  The Red Army completed the encirclement of Army Group South Ukraine in Romania.  Bulgaria withdrew from its alliance with Germany and declared itself neutral.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered the evacuation of Army Group E from Greece.  Marseilles, France was liberated by the French as the German garrison of 37,000 surrendered.  The Slovak National Uprising began.  35 ships (119,890 tons) were sunk and 2 ships (15,315 tons) were damaged by U-boats during August 1944.  
  Events occurring in August 1944 with no specific dates  
  The Atomic Bombs  
  The U.S. Army Air Force began modifying 17 B-29 Superfortresses for combat delivery of atomic weapons at the Glenn L. Martin plant in Omaha, Nebraska.  
  U.S. Navy Capt. William Parsons assessed February 1945 as the earliest that an implosion lens system could be ready for full scale test "with extremely good breaks", and most likely late 1945.  
  Harvard geophysicist A. Francis Birch was placed in charge of designing and engineering the triggering mechanism for the Hiroshima atomic bomb code-named Little Boy. Birch was chosen because of his knowledge of metals and metallurgy. "Little Boy" was the codename for the atomic bomb that was detonated over Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945.  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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