Events occurring on Monday, January 17, 1944  
  The Allied Campaign for Italy  
  The British X Corps, part of the U.S. 5th Army commanded by General Mark W. Clark, launched attacks on the defensive positions of General Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin's German XIV Panzer Corps along the Garigliano River. The British 5th and British 56th Infantry Divisions gained bridgeheads over the river.  
   
  The Allied Campaign for New Guinea  
  SBD Dauntlesses and TBF Avengers, covered by fighters, bombed Japanese shipping at Rabaul and sank the repair ship Hakkai Maru, transport Kenshin Maru, and army cargo ship Kosei Maru (which had escaped damage the previous day), and damaged the aircraft transport Lyon Maru. The Kosei Maru sank with 14 landing barges still on board.  
   
  USAAF B-24 Liberators from the 5th Air Force sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Chiburi Maru and the No.9 Fukei Maru miles east of Manus Island, Papua New Guinea.  
   
  The Central Pacific Theater  
  USAAF P-39 Airacobras, using night intruder tactics, downed Japanese land attack planes (the same planes that carried out the nuisance raid on Tarawa the night before dawn over Mille, Marshall Islands. Later that day USAAF A-24 Banshees, P-39 Airacobras, and P-40 Warhawks bombed and strafed installations at Mile.  
   
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  RAAF Beaufighters bombed villages on Tanimbar Island, Netherlands East Indies, and sank the guardboat No.6 Shinko Maru.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The U-377, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Kluth, was sunk by depth charges from the destroyer HMS Wanderer (D 74), commanded by Lt. Commander Reginald F. Whinney, and the frigate HMS Glenarm (K 258), commanded by Lt. Commander William R.B. Noall, southwest of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean. All the ship’s complement of 52 died.  
   
  The U-544, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Willy Mattke, was sunk by depth charges and rockets from Avenger aircraft (VC-13) of the US escort carrier USS Guadalcanal (CVE 60) ,commanded by Captain Daniel V. Gallery, northwest of the Azores in the North Atlantic Ocean. All the ship’s complement of 57 died.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The corvette HMCS Tillsonburg (K 496) was commissioned. Her first commander was T/Lt. Commander William Evans.  
   
  The escort carrier HMS Rajah (D 10) was commissioned. Her first commander was A/Commander Philip H. Baker.  
   
  The frigate HMAS Barcoo (K 375) was commissioned. Her first commander was Lt. Commander Alan J. Travis.  
   
  The destroyer USS Cushing (DD 797) was commissioned. Her first commander was Commander. Louis F. Yolk.  
     
   
  January 1944 Calendar  
   
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