Calendar and Summary for July 1944  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                        1
2   3   4   5   6   7   8
9   10   11   12   13   14   15
16   17   18   19   20   21   22
23   24   25   26   27   28   29
30   31                    
                         
 
   
  June 1944 August 1944  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for July 1944  
   
  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt granted the "The Manhattan Project" the highest project-wide procurement priority (AA-1).  The United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, commonly known as the Bretton Woods Conference, was held.  Australian and American forces landed on Numfoor Island in New Guinea.  The Red Army captured Minsk.  The Red Army trapped nearly 100,000 German troops in Belorussia.  The largest Banzai charge of the war occurred as 4,300 Japanese troops died in a last ditch attempt to defeat the Americans on Saipan.  The Japanese offensive into India was officially abandoned.  The Americans declared Saipan secured.  German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was severely wounded in a strafing attack on his staff car.  A deadly munitions explosion occurred at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine near San Francisco, California.  Hideki Tojo resigned his posts as Prime Minister of Japan and Chief of Staff of the Army.  The Democratic Party selected Franklin D. Roosevelt and Senator Harry S. Truman to head the national ticket.  The assassination attempt on German Chancellor Adolf Hitler at Wolf's Lair in Rastenburg by Colonel Count von Stauffenberg failed.  Tinian Island was invaded by the U.S. 5th Amphibious Corps.  The U.S. 1st Army began "Operation Cobra." in northwest France.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with General Douglas A. MacArthur and Admiral Chester A. Nimitz in Honolulu, Hawaii to discuss strategy in the Pacific theater.  The last pocket of organized Japanese resistance on Biak was eliminated.  19 ships (68,778 tons) were sunk and 8 ships (35,528 tons) were damaged by U-boats during July 1944.  
   
  Events occurring in July 1944 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Experiments with explosive lens designs began by mid-month when 2-D models were fired. The design for the gun gadget neutron initiator was completed.
  Learn more about the American Atomic Bombs Program  
 
     
   
     
   
 

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