Events occurring on Monday, June 19, 1944  
  Battle of the Philippines Sea  
  The Battle of the Philippine Sea began. The Japanese launched 372 aircraft, in four waves, against the American fleet. Many of the attackers are shot down before reaching the U.S. ships and anti-aircraft defenses accounted for many more. The only hit achieved by the Japanese was on the battleship USS South Dakota (BB 57) which is damaged by one bomb. The Japanese lost 240 aircraft and the Americans lost 29. The Japanese flew on to Guam where they were attacked by American aircraft with an additional 50 Japanese planes being destroyed.  
  The submarine USS Albacore (SS-244), commanded by Lt. Commander James W. Blanchard, torpedoed and sank the aircraft carrier IJN Taiho approximately 180 nautical miles north-north-west of Yap Island, Caroline Islands. The carrier was flying the Flag of Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo, Commander of the Kido Butai, heading for the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Her sinking was catastrophic for the Japanese in that communications between the Admiral and the rest of the Fleet were delayed for hours, and the strikes to be launched against the U.S. support forces located off Saipan were uncoordinated and lacking the planes lost with the IJN Taiho.  
  The submarine USS Cavalla (SS-244), commanded by Lt. Commander James W. Blanchard, torpedoed and sank the aircraft carrier IJN Shokaku approximately 140 nautical miles north of Yap Island, Caroline Islands.  
  Commander David McCampbell, Commander Air Group 15, flying from carrier USS Essex (CV 9), distinguished himself in aerial combat, splashing at least seven Japanese planes in defense of U.S. Navy Task Force 58. For this action and action on October 24, McCampbell would be awarded the Medal of Honor.  
  The Allied Campaign for Italy  
  The British 8th Army began to meet significant resistance in Italy as it closed in on the German's new defenses called the "Albert Line.".  
  The Allied Campaign for New Guinea  
  The U.S. 41st Infantry Division launched fresh attacks on Japanese strong points on Biak in New Guinea.  
  USAAF A-20 Havocs raided Manokwari, New Guinea and sank the small Japanese cargo vessels No.5 Masutuko Maru and No.43 Taigyo Maru.  
  Operation Forager - The Allied Invasion of the Mariana Islands  
  The U.S. 5th Amphibious Corps continued to battle for Saipan.  
  The motor minesweeper YMS-323 was damaged by shore battery, as she carried out survey operations off Tanapag Harbor, Saipan.  
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  Aircraft (VT 60) from the escort carrier USS Suwannee (CVE 27) sank the IJN submarine I-184, 20 miles south of Guam.  
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  The Dutch steam merchant Garoet was torpedoed and sunk by the U-181, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Kurt Freiwald, east of Madagascar in the western Indian Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 88 died and 10 survivors were picked up by the British steam merchant Nirvana or reached land by lifeboat. The 7,118 ton Garoet was carrying coal, sugar, and peanuts and was headed for Durban, South Africa.  
  Naval Action in the Black Sea  
  The unescorted Soviet steam passenger ship Pestel´ was torpedoed and sunk by the U-20, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Karl Grafen, near the coast of Turkey in the eastern Black Sea. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 18 died and 48 survivors were picked up by patrol boats. The 1,850 ton Pestel´ was headed for Batumi, Georgia.  
  Operation Overlord: The Allied Invasion of Normandy  
  A severe English Channel storm destroyed much of the prefabricated harbor facilities (Mulberries) at St. Laurent in Normandy.  
  June 1944 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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