Events occurring on Friday, May 12, 1944  
  The Air War Over Europe  
  Over 800 bombers of the U,S, 8th Air Force, with a substantial fighter escort, attacked the synthetic oil plants at Leuna-Merseburg, Bohlen, Zeitz, Lutzkendorf and Brux. The Luftwaffe challenged the raid and fighting was severe. The Americans claimed to have shot down 150 German fighters and reported losses of 46 bombers and 10 fighters. The raid did serious damage to the synthetic fuel plants.  
  The Allied Campaign for Italy  
  The French Expeditionary Corps under command of General Alphonse Juin encountered only the German 71st Division along its line and captured Monte Faito.  
  The Polish 2nd Corps was held with heavy losses north of Cassino.  
  The British 13th Corps established two small bridgeheads over the Rapido River opposite Cassino.  
  The U.S. 2nd Corps, on the western coast of the advance, made limited progress.  
  The Air War over Asia  
  The Japanese river gunboat Saga was damaged by aircraft (most likely Chinese B-25 Mitchells) in the South China Sea.  
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Tautog (SS 199), commanded by Lt. Commander Thomas S. Baskett, torpedoed and sank the 1,186 ton Japanese collier Banei Maru No.2 northeast of Honshu, Japan.  
  Naval Action in the Black Sea  
  The Soviet patrol Craft SKA-0376 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-24, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Martin Landt-Hayen, in the eastern Black Sea.  
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The Japanese transport Kasumi Maru was sunk by a mine (probably of Japanese origin) in Straits of Malacca, Netherland East Indies.  
  May 1944 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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