Events occurring on Sunday, November 12, 1944  
  The Battle for Leyte  
  The Japanese conducted kamikaze attacks off Leyte.  
  The landing craft repair ships USS Egeria (ARL 8) and USS Achilles (ARL 41) were damaged by kamikazes.  
  The freighter Leonidas Merritt was hit by two kamikazes off Dulag, Leyte, but her crew controled the fires; 1 of the 28-man Armed Guard was killed, as were a merchant seaman and one of the embarked stevedores. The freighter Thomas Nelson was hit by a kamikaze, but despite ultimately successful firefighting efforts, 133 of the 578 embarked troops were killed, as were 3 of the 28-man Armed Guard; 88 men were injured. The freighter Jeremiah M. Daily was struck by a kamikaze, and the explosion and fires accounted for the deaths of 100 of the 557 troops on board, in addition to 2 of the 29-man Armed Guard and 4 of the 39-man merchant complement; 43 more men were injured and 50 troops jump overboard to escape the flames (they are rescued by nearby boats and craft). The freighter William A. Coulter was struck by two kamikazes, but there were no fatalities among the 41-man merchant complement, 27-man Armed Guard and four passengers. The freighter Morrison R. Waite was strafed and then hit by a Japanese plane, and the resultant fires killed 21 troops and wounded 41 (of the 600 embarked at the time); 2 of the 29-man Armed Guard were wounded in action. The freighter Alexander Majors' Armed Guard gunners deflected a kamikaze with a well-placed 5-inch round, but the plane stuck the mainmast and, along with its bomb, exploded and showered the forward part of the ship with burning gasoline that compelled the Armed Guards at the forward guns to leap overboard to save themselves. Two of the merchant crew were killed and 16 injured, but there were no fatalities among the Armed Guard sailors and the Army passengers. All six of the freighters would ultimately return to the west coast of the United States under their own power for repairs.  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  British Lancaster bombers from Lossiemouth, Scotland, carrying special 12,000-pound bombs, attacked German battleship SMS Tirpitz. They score three hits and sank the ship near Tromsö, Norway, off Hakey Island. A total of 902 German sailors were killed in the attack.  
  The Western Pacific Theater  
  U.S. Navy Task Group 30.2, under command of Rear Admiral Allan E. Smith and consisting of three heavy cruisers and five destroyers, continued its bombardment of airfields and other Japanese shore installations on Iwo Jima. The shelling had commenced shortly before midnight on November 11, 1944. PB4Ys screened the group's approach, spotted gunfire, and covered the retirement.  
  Project Mike continued as USAAF B-24 Liberators from the 42nd Bomb Squadron, finding cloudy weather at their primary objective, Chichi Jima, opted for the alternate, Haha Jima, and laid 15 mines in effective locations.  
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarines USS Barb (SS 220) and USS Peto (SS 265) continued their attacks on Japanese Convoy MOMA 07 in the East China Sea. The USS Barb, commanded by Commander E.B. Fluckey, sank the army cargo ship Naruo Maru and damaged the merchant cargo ship Kokuyo Maru. The cargo ship Jinyo Maru took the damaged freighter in tow. The USS Peto, commanded by Lt. Commander Robert H. Caldwell, Jr., sank the army cargo ship Shinshu Maru. The army cargo ship No. 1 Konan Maru rescued the survivors. The Coast Defense Vessel No. 8 conducted an unsuccessful hunt for the submarines.  
  The submarine USS Redfin (SS 272), commanded by Lt. Commander Marshall H. Austin, torpedoed and damaged Japanese freighter Asogawa Maru northwest of Palawan, Philippine Islands. The submarine chaser Ch 30 and Patrol Boat No. 103 shepherded the rest of the convoy towards Miri, Borneo.  
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  The destroyer USS Nicholas (DD 449) sank the submarine IJN I-37 south of Yap, Caroline Islands.  
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 84 was sunk by aircraft off Banggi, North Borneo, Netherland East Indies.  
  The Liberation of the Philippine Islands  
  PB4Y patrol bombers carried out a low level attack on Japanese convoy SIMA-04 and sank the merchant cargo ship Atsuta Maru off Malampaya Sound, Palawan, Philippine Islands.  
  The Air War over Asia  
  USAAF P-51 Mustangs damaged the Japanese auxiliary-powered sailing vessel Namikiri Maru at the entrance to Haiphong River, French Indochina.  
  November 1944 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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