Events occurring on Saturday, October 14, 1944  
  Strategic Conferences  
  The Fourth Moscow Conference, code named “Tolstoy” continued. In attendance were British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin, and Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotov. Also present as were the United States ambassador to Moscow, Averell Harriman, General John R. Deane, head of the United States Military Mission in Moscow as observers, and delegations from both the London based Polish government in Exile and Provisional Polish communist government based in Lublin. Issues discussed were Balkan spheres of influence, Poland, and the Soviet entry into the war against Japan.  
   
  The Mediterranean Front  
  Allied forces liberated Athens, Greece.  
   
  The Central Pacific Theater  
  Japanese aerial counterattacks continued off Formosa, inflicting damage on the aircraft carrier USS Hancock (CV 19), light cruiser USS Reno (CL 96) (suicide plane), and USS destroyer Cassin Young (DD 793) (strafing). The light cruiser USS Houston (CL 81) was damaged by an aerial torpedo, and the destroyer USS Cowell (DD 547) was damaged when she fouled USS Houston as USS Cowell lay alongside assisting in salvage efforts. The heavy cruiser USS Boston (CA 69), later relieved by the fleet tug USS Pawnee (ATF 74), took the USS Houston in tow. At this juncture, heavy air attacks on U.S. Navy Task Force 38, together with enemy radio propaganda broadcasts that reflected a vast overestimation of the destruction caused by attacking Japanese aircraft, prompted Commander Third Fleet to withdraw TG 38.2, under command of Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan, and TG 38.3, under command of Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman, to the eastward to set upon any important Japanese fleet units that would attempt to finish off the "crippled remnants" of TF 38. The Japanese, however, did not take the bait.  
   
  During TF 38 operations against Japanese shipping and installations on Formosa, Navy carrier-based planes damaged the coastal minelayer Enoshima and auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 7 and Cha 151 off Takao.  
   
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Dace (SS 247), commanded by Lt. Commander Bladen D. Claggett, attacked a Japanese convoy and torpedoed and sank the 6,948 ton Japanese merchant tanker Eikyo Maru, the 5,993 ton Japanese merchant tanker Nittetsu Maru, and damaged the 5,396 ton merchant ore carrier Taizen Maru off north Borneo.  
   
  The submarine USS Angler (SS 240), commanded by Lt. Commander Franklin G. Hess, attacked a Japanese Convoy C 073 bound for Cebu and torpedoed and sank the 2,407 ton Japanese troop transport Nanrei Maru in the Sulu Sea south of Tablas Strait, Philippine Islands.  
   
  The submarine USS Bonefish (SS 223), commanded by Lt. Commander Lawrence L. Edge, torpedoed and sank the 2,546 ton Japanese merchant Fushimi Maru in the South China Sea off the west coast of Luzon, Philippine Islands.  
   
  The submarine HMS Sturdy (P 248), commanded by Lt. William St.G. Anderson, sank the 230 ton Japanese Communication Vessel No.128 with gunfire in the Gulf of Boni, Celebes, Netherlands East Indies.  
   
  The Pacific Theater  
  The aircraft carrier USS Saratoga (CV 3) and destroyer escort USS Howard F. Clark (DE 533) were damaged in a collision during maneuvers off Oahu, Territory of Hawaii.  
   
  The July 20th Plot to Assassinate Adolph Hitler  
  Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face trial for his part in the July 20, 1944 plot to assassinate German Chancellor Adolf Hitler.  
     
   
  October 1944 Calendar  
   
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