Calendar and Summary for October 1944  
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  September 1944 November 1944  
  Summary of Significant Events for October 1944  
  Allied forces crossed the Belgian-Dutch border north of Antwerp.  The Fourth Moscow Conference, code named “Tolstoy” was held.  U.S. Navy Task Group 30.2 conducted a diversionary bombardment of Japanese installations on Marcus Island.  U.S. Navy Task Force 38, under command of Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher and consisting of four carrier task groups, launched air strikes on Onami-Oshima, Okinawa and Sakashima in the Ryukyu Islands.  U.S. Navy Task Force 38 launched air strikes on Japanese positions on Formosa.  Allied forces liberated Athens, Greece.  Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face trial for his part in the July 20, 1944 plot to assassinate German Chancellor Adolf Hitler.  Admiral Miklós Horthy was replaced by Ferenc Szálasi, leader of the National Socialist Arrow Cross Party, as Regent and Prime Minister of Hungary.  General Douglas A. MacArthur and the US 6th Army landed on Leyte to begin the liberation of the Philippine Islands.  Aachen was occupied by the U.S. First Army becoming the first major German city to be captured by the Allies.  The naval Battle of the Philippine Sea took place between American and Japanese forces and ended with an American victory.  25 RAF Mosquitoes made a highly successful low-level attack on the Shell House, the Gestapo headquarters in Aarhus, Denmark.  9 ships (5,199 tons) were sunk and 1 ship (40 tons) was damaged by U-boats and mines during October 1944.  
  Events occurring in October 1944 with no specific dates  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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