Events occurring on Tuesday, September 26, 1944  
  Combat in Western Europe After D-Day  
  The British 2nd Army continued its advance and liberated Turnhout in Belgium and Oss in The Netherlands.  
   
  The Allied Campaign for Italy  
  Elements of the British 8th Army crossed the Uso River (known in ancient times as the Rubicon River.)  
   
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Pargo (SS-264), commanded by Lt. Commander David B. Bell, torpedoed and sank the minelayer IJN Aotaka off the north-east coast of Borneo.  
   
  The submarine USS Thresher (SS 200), commanded by Lt. Commander John R. Middleton, Jr., torpedoed and sank the 873 ton Japanese merchant Koetsu Maru in the Yellow Sea.  
   
  The submarine USS Nautilus (SS 168), commanded by Commander George A. Sharp, which ran aground on a shoal off Cebu, Philippine Islands the previous day, freed herself and was able to resume its mission. The USS Nautilus would unload supplies and embark passengers at Panay, Philippine Islands on September 30, 1944.  
   
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  The destroyer escort USS McCoy Reynolds (DE 440) sank the submarine IJN I-175 northeast of Palaus.  
   
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  The U.S. freighter Elihu Thompson was damaged by mines off Noumea, New Caledonia. The fleet tug USS Apache (ATF 67) rescued the survivors, and later beached the ship to facilitate salvage. Of the 211 troops embarked as passengers, 32 died in the explosions. There were no casualties among the 42-man merchant complement or the 33-man Armed Guard.  
   
  The Western Pacific Theater  
  The Japanese river gunboat Saga was damaged by a mine near Hong Kong.  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  The first full scale plutonium reactor, the B pile, at Hanford, Washington was completed and loaded with uranium and the process for producing plutonium began. This reactor contained 200 tons of uranium metal, 1,200 tons of graphite, and was cooled by 5 m^3 of water/sec. It was designed to operate at 250 megawatts, producing some 6 kg of plutonium a month. Enrico Fermi supervised the reactor start-up.  
   
  Greece in WW2  
  In Caserta, Italy the Greek government in exile concluded an agreement with various guerrilla leaders who acknowledged its authority. Greek resistance groups and political factions agreed to accept orders from the Allied Supreme Commander in the Mediterranean and from British Lieutenant General Sir Ronald MacKenzie Scobie. The Communist dominated EAM (National Liberation Front) would later reverse itself and try to take control of Athens.  
     
   
  September 1944 Calendar  
   
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